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Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

  1. (poetic, archaic) to weep

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

(With verbal prefixes):


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish , from Proto-Celtic *rīxs, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵs(ruler, king).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

 m ‎(genitive singular , nominative plural ríthe)

  1. king (male monarch)
  2. king (chess; cards; checkers/draughts)

Declension[edit]

  • Superseded spelling of genitive singular: ríogh
  • Superseded spelling of dative singular: rígh
  • Alternative nominative plural: ríogha
  • Alternative genitive plural: ríogh

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • English: Ryan (name)

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Irish · fir fichille (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
banríon caiseal easpag ridire ceithearnach, fichillín

References[edit]

  • ” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “rí” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • "" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *rīxs, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵs(ruler, king), which is derived from *h₃reǵ-. Cognates include Sanskrit राज्(rāj, king), राजन्(rājan), and Latin rēx(king).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

 m ‎(genitive ríg, nominative plural ríg)

  1. king
    • c. 875, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 85d7
      amtis forbristi ind ríg, glosses principibus oppressis
    • c. 1160, The Tale of Mac Da Thó's Pig, section 1:
      Boí amra for Laignib, .i. Mac Dathó a ainm.
      There was a famous king over the Leinstermen; Mac Dathó was his name.

Declension[edit]

Masculine g-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative H rígL ríg
Vocative H rígL rígaH
Accusative rígN rígL rígaH
Genitive ríg rígL rígN
Dative rígL rígaib rígaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Synonyms[edit]

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • rígad(crowning, coronation, noun)
  • rígaid(crown, make a king, verb)
  • rígdae(royal; palace)
  • rígdacht(palace)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.