rex

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See also: Rex

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
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Etymology[edit]

From the Latin rēx (king), referring originally to rabbits of the Belgian "castorrex" breed, so named because their fur was similar to that of beavers. Entered English around 1920. Doublet of rajah and roy.

Noun[edit]

rex (plural rexes)

  1. An animal which has a genetic recessive variation that causes the guard hairs to be very short or fully lacking.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *rēks, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃rḗǵs (ruler, king). Cognates include Sanskrit राजन् (rā́jan, king) and Old Irish (king).

Iācōbus Rēx Scōtōrum (James [V], King of the Scots)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rēx m (genitive rēgis); third declension

  1. king, ruler
    • 29 BCE – 19 BCE, Virgil, Aeneid 1.544-545:
      Rēx erat Aenēās nōbīs quō iūstior alter
      nec pietāte fuit nec bellō maior et armīs.”
      “We had a king, Aeneas: [None] other than he was more just, nor dutiful, nor [skillful] in war and with weaponry.”
    • Late 4th century, Jerome [et al.], transl., edited by Roger Gryson, Biblia Sacra: Iuxta Vulgatam Versionem (Vulgate), 5th edition, Stuttgart: Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, published 2007, →ISBN, Danihelis 1:1:
      annō tertiō rēgnī Ioachim rēgis Iuda vēnit Nabuchodonosor rēx Babylōnis Hierūsalēm et obsēdit eam
      "In the third year of the reign of Jehoiakim king of Judah came Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon unto Jerusalem, and besieged it."
  2. (derogatory) despot, tyrant (during the time of the Republic when there were no kings and executive power was usually divided)
  3. (Late Latin, chess) king

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative rēx rēgēs
Genitive rēgis rēgum
Dative rēgī rēgibus
Accusative rēgem rēgēs
Ablative rēge rēgibus
Vocative rēx rēgēs

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Dalmatian:
  • Italo-Romance:
    • Corsican:
    • Italian: re
      • Maltese: re
    • Neapolitan: rré
    • Sicilian: re, reji
  • North Italian:
  • Gallo-Romance:
  • Occitano-Romance:
  • Ibero-Romance:
    • Navarro-Aragonese: rei, rey
    • Old Leonese: rei, rey, re
    • Old Galician-Portuguese: rei
      • Fala: rei
      • Galician: rei
      • Portuguese: rei (see there for further descendants)
    • Old Spanish: rey
      • Ladino: rey
      • Spanish: rey
        • Chavacano: rey
        • Papiamentu: rey
        • Interlingue: rey
        • San Pedro Amuzgos Amuzgo: rey
  • Insular Romance:

Borrowings:

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Latin · latrunculī, mīlitēs scaccōrum (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
rēx rēgīna turris sagittifer eques pedes

References[edit]

  • rex”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • rex”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • rex in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • rex in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to establish some one as king, tyrant: aliquem regem, tyrannum constituere
    • to restore a king to his throne (not in solium): regem restituere
    • (ambiguous) to belong to the king's bodyguard: a latere regis esse
  • rex”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • rex”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin

Northern Kurdish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Pronunciation[edit]

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Noun[edit]

rex ?

  1. side