turris

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek τύρρις (túrrhis), τύρσις (túrsis), likely ultimately a Mediterranean substrate loan.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

turris f (genitive turris); third declension

  1. tower
  2. (Late Latin, chess) a rook

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun (i-stem, accusative singular in -im or occasionally -em, ablative singular in or -e).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative turris turrēs
Genitive turris turrium
Dative turrī turribus
Accusative turrim
turrem
turrēs
turrīs
Ablative turrī
turre
turribus
Vocative turris turrēs

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Gallo-Italic
    • Emilian: tårr
    • Lombard: torr [tor, tur]
  • Italo-Dalmatian
  • Old French: tor (see there for further descendants)
  • Old Occitan: torre
  • Rhaeto-Romance
  • Venetian: tor, tore
  • West Iberian
    • Navarro-Aragonese: [Term?]
    • Old Leonese: [Term?]
    • Old Portuguese: torre
    • Old Spanish: torre
      • Spanish: torre (see there for further descendants)
  • Celtic: [Term?]
    • Brythonic: [Term?]
    • Old Irish: [Term?]
    • Old English: tor, torr
      • Middle English: tor
  • Alemannic German: Tuure (via some Romance language)
  • Hungarian: torony (via some Slavic langauge)

References[edit]

  • turris in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • turris in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • turris in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • turris in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to build a tower: turrim excitare, erigere, facere
    • to raise towers: turres instituere, exstruere
  • turris in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • turris in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly
  • turris in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  • New Latin Grammar, Allen and Greenough, 1902.

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Latin · latrunculi, milites scaccorum (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
rex regina turris episcopus eques pedes