tur

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See also: Tur, TUR, tür, Tür, tùr, túr, Túr, and tűr

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Russian тур (tur).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tur (plural turs)

  1. A species of wild goat, Capra caucasica, native to the western Caucasus.
    • 2007, Michael Chabon, Gentlemen of the Road, Sceptre 2008, page 90:
      Then to Hanukkah's mild surprise a voice rose up and, with laconic precision, likened this rumored brother Alp to the secretion on the nether parts of a she-tur.

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Czech[edit]

Czech Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia cs

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *turъ (Old Church Slavonic тоуръ (turŭ)), from Proto-Indo-European *táwros.

Noun[edit]

tur m

  1. bovine

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French tour (go, turn).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /tuːr/, [tˢuɐ̯ˀ]

Noun[edit]

tur c (singular definite turen, plural indefinite ture)

  1. turn
    Det er din tur.
    It is your turn.
  2. (graph theory) trail
  3. walk, stroll
  4. outing, excursion
  5. trip, tour, flight
  6. ride, drive, run

Inflection[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Verb[edit]

tur

  1. imperative of ture

Latvian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Traditionally, tur is derived from kur (where) by analogy with pairs like kas (who, what) : tas (that), (how) : (thus, like that). A more recent suggestion is that tur may come from Proto-Baltic *tur, from the zero grade *tr̥ of Proto-Indo-European *ter-, the source of several nouns, adverbs or prepositions meaning “through,” “across,” “away”: German durch (through) (compare Old High German duruh, from *tr̥-kʷe), Breton treu (beyond), dre (through) (*tre), Latin trāns (over, across, beyond). The meaning in Latvian would have been changed to “there” under the influence of kur.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

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Adverb[edit]

tur

  1. used to indicate an unnamed location relatively far from the speaker; there, in that place
    kas tur ir?who is there?
    tur augšāup there
    redzi, tur tā ir bumbiere!... bet tur - divas ābeles!look, there, that is a pear tree!... and there - two apple trees!
  2. used to refer back to a previously mentioned location, or to a place to be mentioned in a following subordinate clause; there
    mašīna iebrauca pagalmā un tur apstājāsthe car came into the courtyard and stopped there
    zēnam negribējās iet atpakaļ uz māju; tur tagad tumšs...the boy didn't want to go back to the house; there (it was) now dark...
    arī es esmu tur, kur stāvēja mājasI, too, am there, where the house(s) were (= used to be)
  3. used to refer to a situation, state, event, which is connected, often indirectly, to the speaker
    droši vien Toms arī labi pelna, bet viesnīcu dzīve un ceļojumi ir dārgi; tur maz kas var palikt pāri...Toms probably earns well (= enough money), but a life of hotels and trips is expensive; there only little (money) can be left...
    māt, neej tumsā, neej, māt! tur nav neviena paša klāt...mother, don't go in the dark, don't go, mother! there is nobody present there...
  4. used to indicate an unnamed location, relatively far from the speaker, as the target of motion; there, thither, to that place
    viņi gāja tur visi trīs, kā toreiz, šurpu uz ciemu nākotthey went there, all three of them, like that time, coming here to the village
    laiva peldēja nevis tur, kur es gribēju, uz augšu... bet slīdēja pa straumi lēni lejupthe ship went not there, where I wanted, upstream... but slided slowly down the stream

Particle[edit]

tur

  1. used to reinforce the meaning of a word or utterance
    bet, vai par augstāko kungu skaitās Varšava vai Pēterburga... kāda gan tur atšķirība?but, if (we) count Warsaw or (St.) Petersburg as (our) supreme lord... what difference there (= does it make)?
    savādi ar tiem pieradumiem: rokas un kājas pašas kust, kur vienmēr kustējušas, ka tur vai pasaules galsstrage, those habits: the hands and legs move by themselves where they always moved, that there (= even if it is) the end of the world
Synonyms[edit]
  • (of target of motion): turp
Antonyms[edit]
  • (of place): šeit, te
  • (of situation, state, event): te
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See turēt

Verb[edit]

tur

  1. 3rd person singular present indicative form of turēt
  2. 3rd person plural present indicative form of turēt
  3. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of turēt
  4. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of turēt

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “tur”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

tur

  1. rafsi of stura.

Lower Sorbian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *turъ, from Proto-Indo-European *táwros. Cognate with Upper Sorbian tur, Polish tur, Czech tur, Russian тур (tur), and Old Church Slavonic тоуръ (turŭ).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tur m

  1. aurochs (Bos primigenius)

Declension[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French tour.

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

tur m (definite singular turen, indefinite plural turer, definite plural turene)

  1. a walk
  2. a trip, journey
  3. a tour
  4. a turn (in rotation)
    Det er din tur. - It's your turn.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French tour.

Noun[edit]

tur m (definite singular turen, indefinite plural turar, definite plural turane)

  1. a walk
  2. a trip, journey
  3. a tour
  4. a turn (in rotation)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin turris

Noun[edit]

tur f (oblique plural turs, nominative singular tur, nominative plural turs)

  1. tower

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *turъ (Old Church Slavonic тоуръ (turŭ)), from Proto-Indo-European *táwros.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tur m anim

  1. aurochs, urus

Declension[edit]


Romanian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowing from French tour.

Noun[edit]

tur n (plural tururi)

  1. tour
  2. round
  3. saunter
  4. stroll
Declension[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Uncertain. Probably a borrowing from Serbo-Croatian tur. Other less likely theories suggest a link with stur, or Latin thylacus, from Ancient Greek θύλακος (thúlakos).

Noun[edit]

tur n (plural tururi) tur m (plural turi)

  1. pants bottom
  2. lap
Declension[edit]
See also[edit]

Romansch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (Sursilvan, Puter, Vallader) tuor
  • (Surmiran) tor

Etymology[edit]

From Latin turris.

Noun[edit]

tur m (plural turs)

  1. (Rumantsch Grischun, Sutsilvan) tower

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *turъ (Old Church Slavonic тоуръ (turŭ)), from Proto-Indo-European *táwros.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tȗr m (Cyrillic spelling ту̑р)

  1. aurochs, urus
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish [script needed] (oturmak, to sit).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tȗr m (Cyrillic spelling ту̑р)

  1. buttocks
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • tur” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • tur” in Hrvatski jezični portal

Slovak[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *turъ (Old Church Slavonic тоуръ (turŭ)), from Proto-Indo-European *táwros.

Noun[edit]

tur m (genitive singular tura, nominative plural tury, declension pattern of dub)

  1. aurochs
  2. Bos

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • tur in Slovak dictionaries at korpus.sk

Sundanese[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

tur

  1. and

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from French tour, used in Swedish since 1639 in the sense of a journey, since 1679 in the sense of a sequence of events (to take turns), since 1809 in the sense of luck (events that luckily go your way).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

tur c

  1. a tour; a journey through a building, estate, country etc.
    John tog en tur med bilen för att titta på hela stan innan han bestämde sig för att bosätta sig i just den stadsdelen
    1. a bus on a specific line, which leaves at a specific time
      De drog in de två sista turerna på söndagskvällarna eftersom ändå ingen åkte med bussen vid den tiden
      They canceled the last two buses on Sunday afternoons, as nobody took the bus at that time anyway.
    2. a dance; an instance of dancing
      Vi tog två turer på dansgolvet innan vi gick hem
      We danced two dances before we went home
  2. a turn; the chance to use an item shared in sequence with others
    Nu har du fått ha den jättelänge, så nu är det min tur
    Now you've had it for a really long time, now it's my turn
    Det är din tur
    It's your move
  3. (uncountable) luck
    Du måste ha väldig tur om du ska vinna lotterier
    You've got to have a lot of luck if you're to win the lottery

Declension[edit]

Declension of tur 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative tur turen turer turerna
Genitive turs turens turers turernas

Related terms[edit]

journey
turn
luck

Antonyms[edit]

References[edit]