aurochs

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English[edit]

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Augsburg depiction of an aurochs.

Etymology[edit]

From Borrowing from German Aurochs, an early variant of Auerochse, from Middle High German ūrochse(aurochs), from Old High German ūrohso(aurochs), a compound consisting of ūro(aurochs) (from Proto-Germanic *ūraz, *ūrô(aurochs)) + ohso(ox). Akin to Old English ūr(aurochs), Old Norse úrr(aurochs), Middle Low German ūrosse(aurochs), Old English oxa(ox). More at ox.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈaʊrɒks/, /ˈɔːrɒks/

Noun[edit]

aurochs ‎(plural aurochs or aurochses or aurochsen) [1]

  1. An extinct European mammal, Bos primigenius, the ancestor of domestic cattle.
  2. (zoology) The European bison (Bison bonasus, or Europæus).

Translations[edit]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ The Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language by David Crystal (1995, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0521401798), page 200