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See also: Miles and mīlēs



  • IPA(key): /maɪlz/
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -aɪlz



  1. plural of mile
  2. (informal) A great distance in space or time.
    His final shot missed the bullseye by miles.
    From the top of the hill you can see for miles.
    No need to hurry. The deadline is miles away.


miles (not comparable)

  1. much; a lot (used to emphasise a comparative)
    Her new paintings are miles better than her older ones.





miles ?

  1. plural of mile


Alternative forms[edit]

  • milex (Vulgar or Late Latin, Appendix Probi)


Unknown. Possibly of Etruscan origin. The suffix seems similar to that of pedes, eques, veles, comes, but the origin of mīl- is opaque. A connection to mīlia (thousands), perhaps as "person going by the thousand(s)", is difficult to confidently motivate semantically.[1]



mīles m or f (genitive mīlitis); third declension

  1. (military) A soldier.
    mīles gregāriusa private (lit., a "common soldier")
  2. (Medieval Latin) A knight.
  3. A man in boardgames such as ludus latrunculi and chess.


Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative mīles mīlitēs
Genitive mīlitis mīlitum
Dative mīlitī mīlitibus
Accusative mīlitem mīlitēs
Ablative mīlite mīlitibus
Vocative mīles mīlitēs

Derived terms[edit]


  • Italian: milite
  • Piedmontese: mìlit
  • Portuguese: mílite
  • Spanish: mílite
  • Welsh: milwr

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Latin · latrunculi, milites scaccorum (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
rex regina turris episcopus eques pedes


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “mīles”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 379
  • miles”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • miles”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • miles in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • miles in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to fire with courage: animos militum accendere
    • to give furlough, leave of absence to soldiers: commeatum militibus dare (opp. petere)
    • veterans; experienced troops: vetus miles, veteranus miles
    • a soldier lightly armed, ready for battle: expeditus (opp. impeditus) miles
    • to pay the troops: stipendium dare, numerare, persolvere militibus
    • to encourage, embolden the soldiery: animos militum confirmare (B. G. 5. 49)
    • (ambiguous) to levy troops: milites (exercitum) scribere, conscribere
    • (ambiguous) to compel communities to provide troops: imperare milites civitatibus
    • (ambiguous) to make soldiers take the military oath: milites sacramento rogare, adigere
    • (ambiguous) light infantry: milites levis armaturae
    • (ambiguous) soldiers collected in haste; irregulars: milites tumultuarii (opp. exercitus iustus) (Liv. 35. 2)
    • (ambiguous) mercenary troops: milites mercennarii or exercitus conducticius
    • (ambiguous) to keep good discipline amongst one's men: milites disciplina coercere
    • (ambiguous) to keep good discipline amongst one's men: milites coercere et in officio continere (B. C. 1. 67. 4)
    • (ambiguous) to take the troops to their winter-quarters: milites in hibernis collocare, in hiberna deducere
    • (ambiguous) to leave troops to guard the camp: praesidio castris milites relinquere
    • (ambiguous) to harangue the soldiers: contionari apud milites (B. C. 1. 7)
    • (ambiguous) to harangue the soldiers: contionem habere apud milites
    • (ambiguous) to disembark troops: milites in terram, in terra exponere
  • miles in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016




  • IPA(key): /ˈmiles/ [ˈmi.les]
  • Rhymes: -iles
  • Syllabification: mi‧les


miles m pl (plural only)

  1. thousands
    hace miles de añosthousands of years ago
    Synonym: millares

Usage notes[edit]

  • Miles is only used in the indefinite sense of the word "thousands":
    miles de pesosthousands of pesos
  • Otherwise, the singular mil is used:
    dos mil pesostwo thousand pesos" ($2,000)
    cien mil pesosa hundred thousand pesos" ($100,000)



  1. plural of mil