miles

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Miles and mīlēs

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

miles

  1. plural of mile
  2. (slang) A great distance.
    His final shot missed the bullseye by miles.
    From the top of the hill you can see for miles.
    No need to hurry. The deadline is miles away.

Statistics[edit]

Most common English words before 1923: rose · age · nearly · #492: miles · real · eye · sun

Anagrams[edit]


French[edit]

Noun[edit]

miles ?

  1. plural of mile

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

mīles m ‎(genitive mīlitis); third declension

  1. A soldier.
  2. A man in boardgames such as ludus latrunculi and chess.

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative mīles mīlitēs
genitive mīlitis mīlitum
dative mīlitī mīlitibus
accusative mīlitem mīlitēs
ablative mīlite mīlitibus
vocative mīles mīlitēs

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Latin · latrunculi, milites scaccorum (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
rex regina turris episcopus eques pedes

References[edit]

  • miles in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • miles in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • MILES in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • miles in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to fire with courage: animos militum accendere
    • to give furlough, leave of absence to soldiers: commeatum militibus dare (opp. petere)
    • veterans; experienced troops: vetus miles, veteranus miles
    • a soldier lightly armed, ready for battle: expeditus (opp. impeditus) miles
    • to pay the troops: stipendium dare, numerare, persolvere militibus
    • to encourage, embolden the soldiery: animos militum confirmare (B. G. 5. 49)
    • (ambiguous) to levy troops: milites (exercitum) scribere, conscribere
    • (ambiguous) to compel communities to provide troops: imperare milites civitatibus
    • (ambiguous) to make soldiers take the military oath: milites sacramento rogare, adigere
    • (ambiguous) light infantry: milites levis armaturae
    • (ambiguous) soldiers collected in haste; irregulars: milites tumultuarii (opp. exercitus iustus) (Liv. 35. 2)
    • (ambiguous) mercenary troops: milites mercennarii or exercitus conducticius
    • (ambiguous) to keep good discipline amongst one's men: milites disciplina coercere
    • (ambiguous) to keep good discipline amongst one's men: milites coercere et in officio continere (B. C. 1. 67. 4)
    • (ambiguous) to take the troops to their winter-quarters: milites in hibernis collocare, in hiberna deducere
    • (ambiguous) to leave troops to guard the camp: praesidio castris milites relinquere
    • (ambiguous) to harangue the soldiers: contionari apud milites (B. C. 1. 7)
    • (ambiguous) to harangue the soldiers: contionem habere apud milites
    • (ambiguous) to disembark troops: milites in terram, in terra exponere
  • miles” in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016

Spanish[edit]

Noun[edit]

miles m pl

  1. thousands, plural of mil
    miles de años atrás = hace miles de años — "thousands of years ago"

Usage notes[edit]

  • Miles is only used in the indefinite sense of the word "thousands":
miles de pesos – "thousands of pesos"
  • Otherwise, the singular mil is used:
dos mil pesos — "two thousand pesos" ($2,000)
cien mil pesos — "a hundred thousand pesos" ($100,000)

Synonyms[edit]