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From Middle French despote, from Old French despote, from Medieval Latin despota, from Ancient Greek δεσπότης (despótēs, “lord, master, owner”), from the Proto-Indo-European phrase *déms pótis (“master of the house”). Cognate with Sanskrit दम्पति (dampati).
despot (plural despots)
- A ruler with absolute power; a tyrant.
- (historical) A title awarded to senior members of the imperial family in the late Byzantine Empire, and claimed by various independent or semi-autonomous rulers in the Balkans (12th to 15th centuries)
- ^ Fortson, Benjamin W. (2004) Indo-European Language and Culture: An Introduction, first edition, Oxford: Blackwell
dèspot m (Cyrillic spelling дѐспот)