Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/h₃rḗǵs

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *h₃reǵ- (to straighten; to righten) +‎ *-s.

Noun[edit]

*h₃rḗǵs m[1][2]

  1. king, ruler

Inflection[edit]

Athematic, acrostatic
singular
nominative *h₃rḗǵs
genitive *h₃réǵs
singular dual plural
nominative *h₃rḗǵs *h₃réǵh₁(e) *h₃réǵes
vocative *h₃réǵ *h₃réǵh₁(e) *h₃réǵes
accusative *h₃réǵm̥ *h₃réǵh₁(e) *h₃réǵm̥s
genitive *h₃réǵs *? *h₃réǵoHom
ablative *h₃réǵs *? *h₃réǵmos
dative *h₃réǵey *? *h₃réǵmos
locative *h₃réǵ, *h₃réǵi *? *h₃réǵsu
instrumental *h₃réǵh₁ *? *h₃réǵmis

Derived terms[edit]

  • *h₃reǵ-ō
    • Proto-Germanic: *rekô (see there for further descendants)
  • *h₃réǵ-os
    • Proto-Germanic: *rekaz (see there for further descendants)
  • *h₃rḗǵ-yom
    • Proto-Celtic: *rīgyom (see there for further descendants)

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-Celtic: *rīxs (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Indo-Iranian: *Hrā́ćš (see there for further descendants)
  • Proto-Italic: *rēks (see there for further descendants)

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  2. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN