deich

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Irish[edit]

Irish cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : deich
    Ordinal : deichiú
    Personal : deichniúr

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish deich, from Proto-Celtic *dekam, from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥t.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

deich (triggers eclipsis)

  1. ten

Usage notes[edit]

  • May be used with nouns in both the singular and plural; the singular is more common in general, but the plural must be used with units of measurement and the like. Triggers eclipsis:
  • deich gcatten cats
  • deich dtroitheten feet
  • deich n-uaireten times
  • When used with the definite article, the definite article is always in the plural. When used with nouns modified by adjectives, the adjective is also in the plural and is always lenited after nouns in the singular but only lenites after nouns in the plural when they end in slender consonants:
  • deich gcapall bhánaten white horses
  • na deich n-eaglais mhórathe ten big churches
But:
  • deich gcapaill bhánaten white horses
  • na deich n-eaglaisí mórathe ten big churches
  • When referring to human beings, the personal form deichniúr is used.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
deich dheich ndeich
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *dekam, from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥t.

Numeral[edit]

Old Irish cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 20  > 
    Cardinal : deich
    Ordinal : dechmad

deich

  1. ten

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • deich” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Scottish Gaelic cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : deich
    Ordinal : deicheamh

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish deich, from Proto-Celtic *dekam, from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥t.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

deich

  1. (cardinal) ten

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • 2 deich n-” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.