deich

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Irish[edit]

Irish cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : deich
    Ordinal : deichiú
    Personal : deichniúr

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish deich, from Proto-Celtic *dekam, from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

deich (triggers eclipsis)

  1. ten

Usage notes[edit]

  • May be used with nouns in both the singular and plural; the singular is more common in general, but the plural must be used with units of measurement and the like. Triggers eclipsis:
  • deich gcatten cats
  • deich dtroitheten feet
  • deich n-uaireten times
  • When used with the definite article, the definite article is always in the plural. When used with nouns modified by adjectives, the adjective is also in the plural and is always lenited after nouns in the singular; after nouns in the plural, the adjective only lenites after slender consonants:
  • deich gcapall bhánaten white horses
  • na deich n-eaglais mhórathe ten big churches
But:
  • deich gcapaill bhánaten white horses
  • na deich n-eaglaisí mórathe ten big churches
  • When referring to human beings, the personal form deichniúr is used.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
deich dheich ndeich
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *dekam, from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥.

Numeral[edit]

Old Irish cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 20  > 
    Cardinal : deich
    Ordinal : dechmad
    Personal : dechenbor

deich

  1. ten
Descendants[edit]
  • Irish: deich
  • Manx: jeih
  • Scottish Gaelic: deich

Further reading[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Verb[edit]

deich

  1. second-person singular imperative of do·fich

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
deich deich
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
ndeich
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Scottish Gaelic cardinal numbers
 <  9 10 11  > 
    Cardinal : deich
    Ordinal : deicheamh

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish deich, from Proto-Celtic *dekam, from Proto-Indo-European *déḱm̥.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

deich

  1. ten

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • deich” in Edward Dwelly, Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic–English Dictionary, 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, 1911, →ISBN.
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019) , “2 deich n-”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language