aon

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See also: Äon

Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Breton oun, from Proto-Celtic *obno- (fear) (compare Welsh ofn, Cornish own, Old Irish ómun).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aon m

  1. fear

Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral:

Determiner:

  • IPA(key): /eːnˠ/
  • (file)
  • Homophone: éan

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish óen, from Proto-Celtic *oinos (compare Welsh un), from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (compare Latin ūnus, Old English ān).

Irish cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : aon
    Ordinal : céad, aonú
    Personal : aonar
    Attributive : (aon)...amháin

Numeral[edit]

aon (triggers lenition (except of d, s, and t))

  1. one
Usage notes[edit]
  • This form is used independently and cannot be used before nouns without the further modifier amháin (only) (with which it is not required), the definite article, or a possessive determiner (when used by itself with nouns, it means "any"; see following section). Unlike most attributive numerals, aon can be used to refer to people; the personal form aonar is largely confined in the meaning of “one person” to literary usage and is usually used idiomatically to mean “alone” or “single”. When used independently, it is always preceded by the particle a, which mutates it to haon:
  • a haon, a dó, a trí...
    one, two, three...
  • bus a haon
    bus number one
  • a haon a chlog
    one o’clock
But:
  • (aon)amháin
    one day
  • aon chrann amháin/crann amháin
    one tree
  • an t-aon duine
    the one person
  • m'aon chara
    my one friend
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
  • amháin
  • duine (used as a pronoun to refer to human beings)
  • ceann (used as a pronoun to refer to non-humans)
  • céad (ordinal)

Determiner[edit]

aon (triggers lenition (except of d, s, and t))

  1. any
    aon bhádany boat

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

aon m (genitive singular aoin, nominative plural aoin)

  1. (masonry) breast, chimney-piece
  2. (nautical, of boat)) front part of gunwale
Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aon n-aon haon t-aon
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • "aon" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • óen” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • Entries containing “aon” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “aon” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Manx[edit]

Noun[edit]

aon f (genitive singular [please provide], plural [please provide])

  1. Alternative form of awin

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Scottish Gaelic cardinal numbers
 <  0 1 2  > 
    Cardinal : aon
    Ordinal : ciad

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish óen, from Proto-Celtic *oinos (compare Welsh un), from Proto-Indo-European *óynos (compare Latin unus, Old English ān).

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

aon

  1. (cardinal) one

Usage notes[edit]

  • Lenites the following word if it begins with b, c, f, g, m or p.
  • When standing alone, preceded by a h-:
    Tha aon cheist agam.I have one question.
    Tha a h-aon agam cuideachd.I have one as well.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Adjective[edit]

aon

  1. any
  2. same

Noun[edit]

aon m (genitive singular aoin)

  1. (card games) ace

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
aon n-aon h-aon t-aon
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • óen” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Vilamovian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

aon f (plural ann)

  1. harvest