ceann

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish cenn, from Proto-Celtic *kʷenno-; compare Welsh pen, Breton penn.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ceann m (genitive cinn, plural cinn)

  1. head
  2. head of cabbage, capitulum
  3. end, extremity
  4. roof
  5. one (modified by an adjective or demonstrative, referring to an object or animal)
    ceann dearg agam. ― I have a red one [e.g. chair].
    Feicim trí cinn ghlasa. ― I see three green ones [e.g. birds].
    Is mian liom an ceann sin. ― I want that one [e.g. toy].
  6. used as a dummy noun to support a number, referring to an object or animal
    ceann amháin agam. ― I have one [e.g. chair].
    Feicim trí cinn. ― I see three [e.g. birds].

Declension[edit]

  • Alternative nominative/dative plural: ceanna (Cois Fharraige)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
ceann cheann gceann
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish cenn, from Proto-Celtic *kʷenno-; compare Welsh pen, Breton penn.

Noun[edit]

ceann m (genitive and plural cinn)

  1. head (of a body or a group of people)
  2. end (the extreme part of something)

Usage notes[edit]

  • According to context the word can denote the farthest part of anything - top of a road, bottom of a stair, a promontory, hilt of a sword etc.
    ceann a' bhocsa - the lid of the box
    ceann na creige - the top of the rock
  • Also frequently used figuratively.
    bho cheann gu ceann - from end to end
    an ceann greise - after a while

Derived terms[edit]