Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search



From Middle Irish cenn, from Old Irish cenn (compare Manx kione), from Proto-Celtic *kʷennom; compare Welsh pen, Breton penn.



ceann m (genitive singular cinn, nominative plural cinn)

  1. head
  2. head of cabbage, capitulum
  3. end, extremity
  4. roof
  5. one (modified by an adjective or demonstrative, referring to an object or animal)
    ceann dearg agam.
    I have a red one [e.g. chair].
    Feicim trí cinn ghlasa.
    I see three green ones [e.g. birds].
    Is mian liom an ceann sin.
    I want that one [e.g. toy].
  6. used as a dummy noun to support a number, referring to an object or animal
    ceann amháin agam.
    I have one [e.g. chair].
    Feicim trí cinn.
    I see three [e.g. birds].


  • Alternative nominative/dative plural: ceanna (Cois Fharraige)
  • Alternative dative singular: cionn (archaic except in fixed expressions)


Derived terms[edit]


Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
ceann cheann gceann
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

Scottish Gaelic[edit]


From Old Irish cenn (compare Manx kione), from Proto-Celtic *kʷennom (compare Welsh pen, Breton penn).



ceann m (genitive singular cinn, plural cinn)

  1. head (of a body or a group of people)
  2. end (the extreme part of something)

Usage notes[edit]

  • According to context the word can denote the farthest part of anything - top of a road, bottom of a stair, a promontory, hilt of a sword etc.
    ceann a' bhocsathe lid of the box
    ceann na creigethe top of the rock
  • Also frequently used figuratively.
    bho cheann gu ceannfrom end to end
    an ceann greiseafter a while

Derived terms[edit]


  • Edward Dwelly (1911), “ceann”, in Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan [The Illustrated Gaelic–English Dictionary], 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • Gregory Toner, Maire Ní Mhaonaigh, Sharon Arbuthnot, Dagmar Wodtko, Maire-Luise Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “1 cenn”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language