duine

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Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish duine, from Proto-Celtic *gdonyos ‎(human, person), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰm̥mō ‎(earthling, human), a derivation of *dʰéǵʰōm ‎(earth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

duine m ‎(genitive singular duine, nominative plural daoine)

  1. person, human being
  2. one (in reference to human beings)
    Tá ceithre pháiste aige; tá duine acu tinn.
    He has four children; one of them is sick.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

  • daonna ‎(human; humane, kindly)

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
duine dhuine nduine
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "duine" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • duine” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *gdonyos ‎(human, person), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰm̥mō ‎(earthling, human), a derivation of *dʰéǵʰōm ‎(earth) (whence also ‎(place, spot)). Akin to Breton den ‎(man) and Welsh dyn ‎(man). For the parallel semantic development of the noun for "man, human" from the cognate nominal stem for "earth", compare Latin homō ‎(man, person), Old Lithuanian žmuõ ‎(man) and Gothic 𐌲𐌿𐌼𐌰 ‎(guma).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

duine m ‎(genitive duini, nominative plural doíni)

  1. person

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
duine duine
pronounced with /ð(ʲ)-/
nduine
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • duine” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish duine, from Proto-Celtic *gdonyos ‎(human, person), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰǵʰm̥mō ‎(earthling, human), a derivation of *dʰéǵʰōm ‎(earth).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

duine m ‎(genitive singular duine, plural daoine)

  1. man
  2. person, body, individual
    • 1911 (Birlinn Limited), Edward Dwelly: The Illustrated Gaelic-English Dictionary:
      Duine gun mhath gun chron, is motha a chron na a mhath.‎ ― A man that's neither good nor ill is more ill than good.
  3. husband
  4. one
    Is fheudar dha duine a-riamh a dh'aithneachadh na thathar a' dèanamh le fhèin an duine.‎ ― One must always know what one is doing with oneself.
    Chan eil fios aig duine a riamh.‎ ― One never knows.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Faclair Gàidhlig Dwelly Air Loidhne, Dwelly, Edward (1911), Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan/The Illustrated [Scottish] Gaelic-English Dictionary (10th ed.), Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, ISBN 0 901771 92 9
  • duine” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.