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From Old Irish én,[1] from Proto-Celtic *ɸetnos. Compare Welsh edn, English feather.



éan m (genitive singular éin, nominative plural éin)

  1. bird
    Luigh leis an uan, agus éirigh leis an éan.
    Lie with the lamb, and rise with the bird.
  2. young (of bird)
  3. (by extension) young (of other animals)


Derived terms[edit]


Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
éan n-éan héan t-éan
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.


  1. ^ G. Toner, M. Ní Mhaonaigh, S. Arbuthnot, D. Wodtko, M.-L. Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “1 én”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language
  2. ^ Sjoestedt, M. L. (1931) Phonétique d’un parler irlandais de Kerry (in French), Paris: Librairie Ernest Leroux, page 16
  3. ^ Finck, F. N. (1899) Die araner mundart (in German), volume II, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, page 94
  4. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, page 60

Further reading[edit]