én

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Danish[edit]

Numeral[edit]

én

  1. Alternative form of en

Pronoun[edit]

én

  1. Alternative form of en

Usage notes[edit]

Accent is optional, and reflects intonation. Compare, for example, hun har kun en kat "she only has a cat" with hun har kun én kat "she has only one cat".


Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Hungarian *ɛ̄n. Usually considered to continue the Proto-Uralic first-person pronoun *minä (compare e.g. Finnish minä), but there is no consensus on how the Hungarian word has developed to its present shape. At least four proposals have been advanced:[1]

  1. irregular loss of the word-initial *m-;
  2. from earlier *ɛmen, through the vocalization and loss of word-internal *-m-, as in many other cases such as ó (old);
  3. from earlier *ɛ̄mn, with the cluster *mn simplified to n;
  4. from earlier *ɛ̄m, derived from the shorter Uralic root *mi, and with the irregular simplification of the root-final *-m to -n, perhaps first in the accusative engem (< ? *ɛmgɛm).

The last three options assume that the word was prefixed with *ɛ- at some point, perhaps an intensifying particle, or from the Proto-Uralic pronoun root *e- (this) (compare ez (this)).

Similarly irregular first-person pronouns occur in Mansi: ам (Northern), [script needed] (äm) (Southern), and even in Chuvash: эпӗ (epĕ) from Proto-Turkic *bẹn. If these have a similar origin as the Hungarian word, they are the most compatible with the third and fourth explanations.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

én

  1. (personal) I (first-person singular)
    Én vagyok a képen. - I am in the picture.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

én (plural ének)

  1. self, ego

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative én ének
accusative ént éneket
dative énnek éneknek
instrumental énnel énekkel
causal-final énért énekért
translative énné énekké
terminative énig énekig
essive-formal énként énekként
essive-modal
inessive énben énekben
superessive énen éneken
adessive énnél éneknél
illative énbe énekbe
sublative énre énekre
allative énhez énekhez
elative énből énekből
delative énről énekről
ablative éntől énektől
Possessive forms of én
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. énem énjeim
2nd person sing. éned énjeid
3rd person sing. énje énjei
1st person plural énünk énjeink
2nd person plural énetek énjeitek
3rd person plural énjük énjeik

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rédei, Károly. 1963. "Az én személyes névmás eredetéhez". Nyelvtudományi Közlemények 65, pp. 166–169.

Ligurian[edit]

Verb[edit]

én

  1. third-person plural present indicative of êse; “[​they​] are

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Numeral[edit]

én

  1. stressed form of en

Derived terms[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *ɸetnos.

Noun[edit]

én m (genitive éuin or éoin, nominative plural éuin or éoin)

  1. bird
Inflection[edit]
Masculine o-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative
Vocative
Accusative
Genitive
Dative
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Interjection[edit]

én!

  1. lo!

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
én unchanged n-én
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • 1 én” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • 2 én” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *ʔɛːnʔ

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(classifier con) én ()

  1. a swallow (bird)
    Synonyms: nhạn
  2. (loosely) Synonym of yến (swift) (bird)