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See also:
U+71D5, 燕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-71D5

[U+71D4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+71D6]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 86, +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 廿中心火 (TLPF), four-corner 44331, composition廿)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 683, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19429
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1095, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2239, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+71D5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – a swallow.

Etymology 1[edit]

Possibly related to (OC *qriːd, *qrid) (Wang, 1982). Some have connected it with (OC *qiːns, “to swallow”), but it is unlikely to be related (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • ìⁿ - vernacular;
  • iàn - literary.
Note:
  • in3 - vernacular;
  • iang3/iêng3 - literary (iêng3 - Chaozhou).
  • Wu

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (85)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔenH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔenH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔɛnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔɛnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔenH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ienH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔienH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔenH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔˁe[n]-s/
    English swallow (n.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 14443
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qeːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. swallow (family Hirundinidae) or swift (family Apodidae)
    Synoynms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    • Tai: *ʔeːnᴮ

    Etymology 2[edit]

    (This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Note:
    • iang1 - Shantou;
    • iêng3 - Chaozhou.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (85)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔen/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔen/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔɛn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔɛn/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔen/
    Wang
    Li
    /ien/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔien/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yān
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 14440
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qeːn/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (historical) Yan, an ancient march, duchy, and kingdom of northeastern China during the Zhou dynasty
    2. (historical) Ji, its capital; Yanjing; other later cities in the same area, including Beijing
    3. (historical) the four Yan kingdoms of the Sixteen Kingdoms
    4. A surname​.

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (85)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔenH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔenH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔɛnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔɛnH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔenH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ienH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔienH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    yàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    yàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔenH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔˁe[n]-s/
    English feast

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 14443
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qeːns/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Alternative form of (yàn, “to feast”).

    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

    1. swallow

    Readings[edit]

    Pronunciation 1[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    つばくらめ
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi
    • (Tokyo) ばくらめ [tsùbákúꜜràmè] (Nakadaka – [3])
    • (Tokyo) ばくら [tsùbákúráꜜmè] (Nakadaka – [4])
    • IPA(key): [t͡sɨᵝba̠kɯ̟ᵝɾa̠me̞]

    Noun[edit]

    (つばくらめ) (tsubakurame

    1. a swallow (bird)

    Pronunciation 2[edit]

    Kanji in this term
    つばめ
    Jinmeiyō
    kun’yomi
    Wikipedia-logo.png
     ツバメ on Japanese Wikipedia
    Wikispecies has information on:

    Wikispecies

    Noun[edit]

    (つばめ) (tsubame

    1. a barn swallow
    Usage notes[edit]

    As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as ツバメ.

    Derived terms[edit]

    Proper noun[edit]

    (つばめ) (Tsubame

    1. a place name, such as that of Tsubame City in Niigata Prefecture

    References[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (yeon) (hangeul , revised yeon, McCune–Reischauer yŏn, Yale yen)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (yến, én, yên, nhạn, hiên)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.