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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
草-bw.png

Han character[edit]

(radical 140 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿日十 (TAJ), four-corner 44406, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1030, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30945
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1489, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3203, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+8349

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡sʰɑu²¹⁴/
Harbin /t͡sʰau²¹³/
Tianjin /t͡sʰɑu¹³/
Jinan /t͡sʰɔ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /t͡sʰɔ⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡sʰau⁵³/
Xi'an /t͡sʰau⁵³/
Xining /t͡sʰɔ⁵³/
Yinchuan /t͡sʰɔ⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡sʰɔ⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /t͡sʰɔ⁵¹/
Wuhan /t͡sʰau⁴²/
Chengdu /t͡sʰau⁵³/
Guiyang /t͡sʰao⁴²/
Kunming /t͡sʰɔ⁵³/
Nanjing /t͡sʰɔo²¹²/
Hefei /t͡sʰɔ²⁴/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡sʰau⁵³/
Pingyao /t͡sʰɔ⁵³/
Hohhot /t͡sʰɔ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡sʰɔ³⁵/
Suzhou /t͡sʰæ⁵¹/
Hangzhou /t͡sʰɔ⁵³/
Wenzhou /t͡sʰɜ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /t͡sʰɔ³⁵/
Tunxi /t͡sʰə³¹/
Xiang Changsha /t͡sʰau⁴¹/
Xiangtan /t͡sʰaɯ⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡sʰɑu²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /t͡sʰau³¹/
Taoyuan /t͡sʰo³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰou³⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰu³⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰou³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /t͡sʰo⁵³/
/t͡sʰau⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /t͡sʰau³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /t͡sʰau²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰau⁵³/
/t͡sʰo⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sau²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (14)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɑuX/ /t͡sʰɑuX/ /t͡sʰɑuX/ /t͡sʰɑuX/ /t͡sʰawX/ /t͡sʰɑuX/ /t͡sʰɑuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cǎo ‹ tshawX › /*[tsʰ]ˤuʔ/ grass, plants
cǎo ‹ tshawX › /*[tsʰ]ˤuʔ/ rough, coarse

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16547 1 /*sʰuːʔ/ 說文作艸

Definitions[edit]

  1. grass, straw, thatch
  2. herbal grass(es), herbs
  3. (basically) any such green, leafy plant without any bark (plants, not trees)

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • New Nelson: 5032
  • Halpern: 2263
  • Halpern Learners: 1450
  • Heisig: 224
  • Tuttle Kanji Dictionary: 3k6.13
  1. Source: EDICT and KANJIDIC files licensed by the Electronic Dictionaries Research Group.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
くさ
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana くさ, romaji kusa)

  1. grass; a weed
  2. a herb
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
そう
Grade: 1
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese ‎(tshawX).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana そう, romaji , historical hiragana さう)

  1. draft, rough copy

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(cho)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (McCune-Reischauer: ch'o, Yale: cho)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thảo, tháu, xáo thượng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]