herb

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See also: Herb, hərb, and herb.

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English erbe, borrowed from Old French erbe (French herbe), from Latin herba. Initial h was restored to the spelling in the 15th century on the basis on Latin, but it remained mute until the 19th century and still is for many speakers.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK, General Australian, General New Zealand) enPR: hû(r)b, IPA(key): /hɜːb/
    • (file)
  • (US, Canada) enPR: (h)ûrb, IPA(key): /(h)ɝb/
    • (file)
    • (file)
  • North American pronunciation of the word varies; some speakers include the h-sound and others omit it, with the h-less pronunciation being the more common. Individual speakers are usually consistent in their choice, but the choice does not appear to be correlated with any regional, socioeconomic, or educational distinctions.
  • Outside of North America, the h-less pronunciation is restricted to speakers who have a general tendency to "drop the h" in all words.
  • Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)b

Noun[edit]

herb (countable and uncountable, plural herbs)

  1. (countable) Any green, leafy plant, or parts thereof, used to flavour or season food.
  2. (countable) A plant whose roots, leaves or seeds, etc. are used in medicine.
    If any medicinal herbs used by witches were supposedly evil, then how come people from at least the past benefited from the healing properties of such herbs?
  3. (uncountable, slang, euphemistic) Marijuana.
  4. (countable, botany) A plant whose stem is not woody and does not persist beyond each growing season
  5. (uncountable, obsolete) Grass; herbage.

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German hare, here (inflected harwe, herwe), implying an Old High German *haro, *hero. Further origin uncertain. No known cognates, but perhaps related to Old English hyrwan (to mock, harass).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /hɛrp/, [hɛɐ̯p], [hɛʁp]
  • (file)
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

herb (comparative herber, superlative am herbsten)

  1. (of food and drink, e.g. beer) slightly bitter or sharp to the taste, often in a pleasant way; tart (but not in the sense of “sour”)
  2. (figuratively, chiefly of events or deeds) harsh; hard

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • herb in Duden online

Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German erbe (heritage). Compare German Erbe.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

herb m inan

  1. (heraldry) coat of arms
  2. (heraldry) armigerous clan; cf. Polish heraldry

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Russian: герб (gerb)
  • Yiddish: הערב(herb)

Zazaki[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

herb

  1. (dated) war

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