herba

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Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan erba, from Latin herba, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰreh₁- (to grow, become green).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

herba f (plural herbes)

  1. herb
  2. grass
  3. (slang) marijuana

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From herbo +‎ -a.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

herba (accusative singular herban, plural herbaj, accusative plural herbajn)

  1. grassy, herbal (of or pertaining to grass)

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese erva (13th century, Cantigas de Santa Maria), from Latin herba. Cognate, among others, with Portuguese erva and Spanish hierba.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

herba f (plural herbas)

  1. herb (plant lacking wood)
    Synonym: planta
  2. weed
  3. grass
    Synonym: grama
  4. (uncountable) grass, herbage, pasture
    Synonym: pasto

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  • erva” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • erva” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • herba” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • herba” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • herba” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *gʰreh₁- (to grow, become green).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

herba f (genitive herbae); first declension

  1. grass, herbage
  2. herb
  3. weeds
  4. plant

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative herba herbae
Genitive herbae herbārum
Dative herbae herbīs
Accusative herbam herbās
Ablative herbā herbīs
Vocative herba herbae

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • herba in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • herba in Charlton T. Lewis, An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers, 1891
  • herba in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • herba in Gaffiot, Félix, Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette, 1934
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden, Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co., 1894
    • the vegetable kingdom: arbores stirpesque, herbae stirpesque (De Fin. 5. 11. 33)
    • the crop is in the blade: messis in herbis est (Liv. 25. 15)
    • your crop is still green, i.e. you are still far from your ambition: adhuc tua messis in herba est (proverb.)
  • herba in Ramminger, Johann, Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016, retrieved 16 July 2016

Leonese[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

herba f

  1. grass

References[edit]