grama

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See also: -grama and gräma

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Spanish grama (grass), from Latin grāmina, plural of grāmen (grass).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɡɹɑːmə/, /ˈɡɹamə/

Noun[edit]

grama (countable and uncountable, plural gramas)

  1. Various species of grass in the genus Bouteloua, including Bouteloua gracilis (blue grama)
    • 1864, Fitz-Hugh Ludlow., The Atlantic:
      To understand the exquisite beauty of simple green grass, you must travel through eight hundred miles of sage-brush and grama...the latter, a stunted species of herbage, growing in ash tinted spirals, only two inches from the ground, and giving the Plains an appearance of being matted with curled hair or gray corkscrews. Its other name is “buffalo grass”; and in spite of its dinginess, with the assistance of the sage, converting all the Plains west of Fort Kearney into a model Quaker landscape, it is one of the most nutritious varieties of cattle fodder, and for hundreds of miles the emigrant drover’s only dependence.
    • 2005 October 17, Tom Drury, “Path Lights”, in The New Yorker:
      Every few years, Ingrid goes back to take a look, even though all that’s left is the old bleached shell of a house, surrounded by blue grama grass and tall trees with pale bark and waxy leaves.
    • 2013, Philipp Meyer, The Son, Simon & Schuster, published 2014, page 95:
      The grass was thick around us, grama and bluestem, more than could ever be eaten.

Anagrams[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

grama f (plural grames)

  1. Alternative form of gram (Bermuda grass)

Further reading[edit]

  • “grama” in Diccionari català-valencià-balear, Antoni Maria Alcover and Francesc de Borja Moll, 1962.

Galician[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Galician-Portuguese [Term?], from Latin grāmina (grasses), plural of grāmen.[1] Cognate with Portuguese grama and Spanish grama.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

grama f (plural gramas)

  1. grass, in particular
    1. couch grass (Elymus repens)
      Synonym: rengo
    2. Bermuda grass (Cynodon dactylon)
      Synonyms: cerreña, nervia
    3. velvetgrass (Holcus lanatus)
    4. wheatgrass (Agropyron)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Joan Coromines; José A. Pascual (1983–1991), “grama”, in Diccionario crítico etimológico castellano e hispánico (in Spanish), Madrid: Gredos

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

grama

  1. inflection of gramar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Italian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡra.ma/
  • Rhymes: -ama
  • Hyphenation: grà‧ma

Adjective[edit]

grama

  1. feminine singular of gramo

Anagrams[edit]

Occitan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

grama m (plural gramas)

  1. gram

Old English[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *gramô. Cognate with Old Saxon gramo, Old Saxon gremi, Old High German gramo, Old Norse gremi. Akin also to Old English gram (angry, cruel, fierce), grimm, grim (fierce, savage).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

grama m (nominative plural graman)

  1. anger, rage, wrath, indignation, fury; trouble
  2. demonic spirit, devil, fiend, demon; imp, puck

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Middle English: grame, grome

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

 
 

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Galician-Portuguese [Term?], from Latin grāmĭna, plural of grāmen. Compare Galician and Spanish grama.

Noun[edit]

grama f (plural gramas)

  1. (Brazil) grass
    Synonyms: relva, erva
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from Ancient Greek γράμμα (grámma, a small weight, a scruple), a semantic calque of Latin scripulum.

Noun[edit]

grama m or (nonstandard) f (plural gramas)

  1. gram (unit of mass)
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

grama

  1. inflection of gramar:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Latin grāmĭna, plural of grāmen. Compare Portuguese grama.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡɾama/ [ˈɡɾa.ma]
  • Audio (Colombia):(file)
  • Rhymes: -ama
  • Syllabification: gra‧ma

Noun[edit]

grama f (plural gramas)

  1. grass (mostly varieties intended for cattle fodder)
  2. (Caribbean, Guatemala, El Salvador) lawn

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]