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Alternative forms[edit]


From Middle English feend, fēnd, fiend, feond, viend, veond (enemy; demon), from Old English fēond (enemy), from Proto-Germanic *fijandz.

Compare Old Norse fjándi (Icelandic fjandi, Danish fjende, Norwegian fiende, Swedish fiende, West Frisian fijân, Low German Feend, Fiend, Dutch vijand, German Feind, Gothic 𐍆𐌹𐌾𐌰𐌽𐌳𐍃 (fijands)), with all of them meaning foe. The Old Norse and Gothic terms are present participles of the corresponding verbs fjá/𐍆𐌹𐌾𐌰𐌽 (fijan, to hate), from Proto-Indo-European *peh₁- (to hate) (compare Sanskrit पीयति (pī́yati, (he) reviles)).


  • IPA(key): /fiːnd/
    • (file)
    • Rhymes: -iːnd
  • (obsolete) IPA(key): /fɛnd/[1]


fiend (plural fiends)

  1. A devil or demon; a malignant or diabolical being; an evil spirit.
    Synonym: monster
  2. A very evil person.
    Synonym: monster
  3. (obsolete) An enemy; a foe.
    Religion teaches us to love everybody, be one fiend or friend.
  4. (religious, archaic) The enemy of mankind, specifically, the Devil; Satan.
    • 1971, Keith Thomas, Religion and the Decline of Magic, Folio Society, published 2012, page 35:
      At the confirmation ceremony the bishop would lay his hands on the child and tie around its forehead a linen band [] . This was believed to strengthen him against the assaults of the fiend []
  5. (informal) An addict or fanatic.
    He's been a jazz fiend since his teenage years.
    • 1837 May 27, “The Poor Gentleman”, in New-York Mirror[3], volume 14, number 48, New York City: [G.P. Morris], →OCLC, page 377:
      Now the sign of the Lamb is a modern daub, not that which hung like a "banner on the outward wall," when the celebrated "cigar-fiend" used to haunt the hostelrie consuming incredible quantities of the best Havanas.
    • 1951, J. D. Salinger, The Catcher in the Rye, Little, Brown and Company, →OCLC, page 64:
      You could hear him putting away his crumby toilet articles and all, and opening the window. He was a fresh-air fiend.

Derived terms[edit]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.


fiend (third-person singular simple present fiends, present participle fiending, simple past and past participle fiended)

  1. (slang, intransitive) To yearn; to be desperate (for something, especially drugs).
    • 1999, Macy Gray, Jeremy Ruzumna, Jinsoo Lim, David Wilder (lyrics and music), “I Try”:
      I play it off, but I'm dreaming of you / And I'll try to keep my cool, but I'm fiendin'
    • 2011, Emma J. Stephens, For a Dancer: The Memoir:
      I am back in San Francisco at the Clift Hotel, fiending for my fix.




  1. ^ Krapp, George Philip (1925) The English Language in America[1], volume II, New York: Century Co. for the Modern Language Association of America, →OCLC, page 103.


Middle English[edit]


fiend (plural fiendes)

  1. Alternative form of feend

Old English[edit]




  1. dative singular of fēond
  2. nominative and accusative plural of fēond