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See also: gräme


Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English grame, gram, grome, from Old English grama (rage, anger, trouble, devil, demon), from Proto-Germanic *gramô (anger), *gramaz (fiend, enemy), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰrem- (to rub, grind, scrape). Cognate with Middle Low German gram (anger), German Gram (grief, sorrow), Old Danish gram (devil), Icelandic gramir, gröm (fiends, demons). Related to gram (angry, adj), grim.


grame (uncountable)

  1. (obsolete) Anger; wrath; scorn; bitterness; repugnance.
  2. (obsolete) Sorrow; grief; misery.
    • 1548, Smyth & Dame, 218:
      Age doth me mvche grame.
    • c. 1557 (published), Thomas Wyatt, And Wilt Thou Leave me Thus?, lines 3 and 4:
      To save thee from the blame / Of all my grief and grame.
    • 1872, Rossetti, Staff & Scrip, Poems (ed. 6), 49:
      God's strength shall be my trust, / Fall it to good or grame / 'Tis in his name.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English gramen, gramien, from Old English gramian, gremian (to anger, enrage), from Proto-Germanic *gramjaną (to grill, vex, irritate, grieve), from Proto-Indo-European *gʰrem- (to rub, grind, scrape). Cognate with German grämen (to grieve), Danish græmme (to grieve), Swedish gräma (to grieve, mortify, vex).


grame (third-person singular simple present grames, present participle graming, simple past and past participle gramed)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To vex; grill; make angry or sorry.
    • 1888, Henry Macaulay Fitzgibbon, Early English and Scottish Poetry, 1250-1600, page 235:
      Men may leave all games, / That sailën to St James; / For many a man it grames / When they begin to sail.
      For when they have take the sea, / At Sandwich, or at Winchelsea, / At Bristol, or where that it may be, / Their hearts begin to fail.
  2. (intransitive, obsolete) To grieve; to be sorry; to fret; to be vexed or displeased.
    • 1526, Skelton, Magnyf. (1864):
      The crane and the curlewe thereat gan to grame.
Related terms[edit]




grame f

  1. feminine plural of gramo