lus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: lús, luș, and Łuś

Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

lus

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Mizo.

English[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Verb[edit]

lus

  1. Third-person singular simple present indicative form of lu

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

lus

  1. plural of lu

Anagrams[edit]


Albanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • lut (Standard Albanian)

Etymology[edit]

Variant of lut.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /lus/, [lʊs] (Standard)
  • IPA(key): /ʎut/, /ʎʊs/ (Gheg)

Verb[edit]

lus (first-person singular past tense luta, participle lutur)

  1. (active, transitive) I request, (kindly) ask for; I plead, I beg

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • [1] active verb lut, lus (aorist luta; participle lutur) • Fjalor Shqip

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse lús, from Proto-Germanic *lūs, from Proto-Indo-European *lewH-.

Noun[edit]

lus c (singular definite lusen, plural indefinite lus)

  1. louse

Inflection[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch litse, from Old French lice, from Vulgar Latin līcia, from Latin līcium.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /lʏs/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: lus
  • Rhymes: -ʏs

Noun[edit]

lus f (plural lussen, diminutive lusje n)

  1. loop

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Saramaccan: lásu

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

lus

  1. first/second-person singular past historic of lire

Participle[edit]

lus m pl

  1. masculine plural of the past participle of lire

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish lus (plant, herb, vegetable).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lus m (genitive singular lusa, nominative plural lusanna)

  1. plant, herb
    Synonym: luibh

Declension[edit]

  • Alternative genitive singular/nominative plural form: losa

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Entries containing “lus” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “lus” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.

Further reading[edit]


Kabuverdianu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese luz.

Noun[edit]

lus

  1. light, lamp

Lombard[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to luce, from Latin lux.

Noun[edit]

lus f

  1. light

Manx[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish lus (plant, herb, vegetable).

Noun[edit]

lus m (genitive singular lus, plural lussyn)

  1. plant, herb
  2. leek
  3. vervain

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Bokmål Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nb
Cartographic symbol of a rock awash

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse lús, from Proto-Germanic *lūs, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *luHs-, *lewH-.

Noun[edit]

lus f or m (definite singular lusa or lusen, indefinite plural lus, definite plural lusene)

  1. (entomology) a louse (plural lice), or a similar animal, e.g. a sea louse
  2. (knitting) a single stitch (if not multiple adjacent stitches forming a single-stitch-like v-shape) of a different colour from that of the surrounding fabric, used to form a knitted pattern
  3. (colloquial botany) a hairy seed from a rosehip
  4. (nautical cartography) a symbol signifying a rock awash (a cross with four dots)
  5. (computing) a computer bug

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn
kuftelus
lus på kufte
stitches in a knitted pattern
nypelus
lus i nype
hairy seeds in a rosehip

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse lús, from Proto-Germanic *lūs, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *luHs-, *lewH-.

Germanic cognates include Icelandic and Faroese lús, Danish and Swedish lus, German Laus, Dutch luis, and English louse. Wider Indo-European cognates may include some in Brythonic languages, such as Welsh llau and Breton laou.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lus f (plural lusa)

  1. (entomology) a louse (a small blood-sucking insect in the order Psocodea)
    • 2000, Osland, Erna, Hår i millionar år, Oslo: Samlaget, page 57:
      Godt gøymd mellom hårstråa sit lusa og syg blod frå verten sin.
      Well hidden between the hairs, sits the louse and sucks blood from its host.
    • 1996, Bjugn, Sissel Solbjørg, Lus [Lice], Oslo: Samlaget, page 24:
      Å finne lus i barnehår er ho vel van med.
      She is likely used to finding lice in child's hair.
  2. (entomology) a small insect that is either closely related or similar in behaviour or appearance to a true louse, e.g. sea lice
    • 2008 December 11, Møre, page 10:
      Dette kan føre til ei oppblomstring av lus som trugar villaksen.
      This could lead to a bloom of sea lice, threatening the wild salmon.
  3. (figuratively of a person) a miser; a stingy and miserly person
  4. (figuratively of a person) someone who is poor and to be pitied; poor thing
    • 1890, Sivle, Per, Sogor, Bergen: Mons Litlere, page 109:
      Eg kom samstundes og til aa nemja som aldri fyrr, kor ufysi ho var, den Lukti av Klædi hans; og naar eg tenkte på den Lusi – uhh! so totte eg det var mest Uraad hava sovoret ved Sida.
      In that moment, I also came to perceive as never before how foul the smell of his clothes was. And when I thought of that poor thing – Yuck! I thought it'd been most trouble to have such by one's side.
  5. (knitting) a single stitch (if not multiple adjacent stitches forming a single-stitch-like v-shape) of a different colour from that of the surrounding fabric, used to form a knitted pattern
    • 2013 February 28, Sulaposten, page 12:
      Jakka er tradisjonell kufte med lus og bordar.
      The jacket is a traditional cardigan with lice and borders.
  6. (colloquial botany) a hairy seed from a rosehip
    • 1920, Holmsen, A., Naturkunnskap for folkeskulen, 4th edition, Kristiania: Cappelen, page 58:
      fruktemni vert til smaa neter („lus“)
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  7. (carpentry, woodworking) a piece of wood made to fill a gap that is left open, typically as a mistake during the moulding
  8. (carpentry, woodworking) a dowel pin
    Synonym: dimling
  9. (colloquial, now rare) a crayon
  10. (dialectal, rare) gills on a crab
  11. a hairgrip

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

  • mus f (mouse) (for its morphological similarities)
  • gnet f

References[edit]

  • “lus” in The Nynorsk Dictionary.
  • “lus”, in Norsk Ordbok: ordbok over det norske folkemålet og det nynorske skriftmålet, Oslo: Samlaget, 1950-2016
  • “lus” in Norsk teknisk ordbok, Oslo: Samlaget, 1981
  • “lus” in Ivar Aasen (1873) Norsk Ordbog med dansk Forklaring

Anagrams[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Germanic *lūs. Compare Old High German lūs, Old Norse lús.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lūs f (nominative plural lȳs)

  1. louse

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Old French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin lucius (pike).

Noun[edit]

lus m (oblique plural lus, nominative singular lus, nominative plural lus)

  1. pike (fish)

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *lussus (medicinal herb, vegetable), likely influenced by Proto-Celtic *lubā (herb, plant), from Proto-Indo-European *lewbʰ- (leaf).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lus m

  1. plant, herb, vegetable
  2. leek

Inflection[edit]

Masculine u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative lus lusL losae
Vocative lus lusL losu
Accusative lusN lusL losu
Genitive losoH, losaH loso, losa losaeN
Dative lusL losaib losaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
lus
also llus after a proclitic
lus
pronounced with /l(ʲ)-/
unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse lús, from Proto-Germanic *lūs.

Noun[edit]

lūs f

  1. louse

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]


Papiamentu[edit]

Blender3D li schreibtischlampe.jpg

Etymology[edit]

From Portuguese luz and Spanish luz and Kabuverdianu lus.

Noun[edit]

lus

  1. light, lamp

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish lus (plant, herb, vegetable).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lus m (genitive singular luis or lusa, plural lusan)

  1. plant, herb
  2. weed

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Edward Dwelly (1911), “lus”, in Faclair Gàidhlig gu Beurla le Dealbhan [The Illustrated Gaelic–English Dictionary], 10th edition, Edinburgh: Birlinn Limited, →ISBN
  • G. Toner, M. Ní Mhaonaigh, S. Arbuthnot, D. Wodtko, M.-L. Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “1 lus”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language

Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Swedish lūs, from Old Norse lús, from Proto-Germanic *lūs, possibly from Proto-Indo-European *luHs-, *lewH-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lus c

  1. louse

Declension[edit]

Declension of lus 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative lus lusen löss lössen
Genitive lus lusens löss lössens

Further reading[edit]


Westrobothnian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse lús, from Proto-Germanic *lūs, from Proto-Indo-European *lewH-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

lus f (definite singular lusa, plural lyss, definite plural lystren)

  1. louse

Derived terms[edit]