miser

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See also: misër

English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Late Latin miser ‎(wretched, unfortunate, unhappy, miserable, sick, ill, bad, worthless, etc.).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

miser ‎(plural misers)

  1. (pejorative) A person who hoards money rather than spending it; one who is cheap or extremely parsimonious.
    Ebenezer Scrooge was a stereotypical miser, he spent nothing he could save; neither giving to charity nor enjoying his wealth.

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French[edit]

Verb[edit]

miser

  1. (gambling) to bet (place a bet)

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of unknown origin. Possibly from Proto-Indo-European *mēwdʰ- ‎(to complain, be emotional about), the same root of Latin maereō and Ancient Greek μῖσος ‎(mîsos, hatred).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

miser m ‎(feminine misera, neuter miserum); first/second declension

  1. poor, wretched, pitiful
    • 29 bc. Vergil. Aeneid, Book I
      non ignara mali miseris succurrere disco
      being not unacquainted with woe, I learn to help the unfortunate
  2. miserable, unhappy
  3. worthless, null
  4. tragic, unfortunate
  5. sick
  6. tormenting

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension, nominative masculine singular in -er.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative miser misera miserum miserī miserae misera
genitive miserī miserae miserī miserōrum miserārum miserōrum
dative miserō miserō miserīs
accusative miserum miseram miserum miserōs miserās misera
ablative miserō miserā miserō miserīs
vocative miser misera miserum miserī miserae misera

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References[edit]

  • miser in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • miser in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • miser in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) to live a happy (unhappy) life: vitam beatam (miseram) degere
  • H. H. Mallinckrodt, Latijn Nederlands woordenboek (Aula n° 24), Utrecht-Antwerpen, Spectrum, 1959 [Latin - Dutch dictionary in Dutch]