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  1. conditional of sani



From Proto-Italic *sānos, from Proto-Indo-European *seh₂-no-, from *seh₂- (to satisfy) (or perhaps *seh₂- (to tie)).[1]

Alternative theories derive the word from Proto-Indo-European *swā-n- (healthy; whole; active; vigorous), and compare it to Ancient Greek σῶς (sôs), Dutch zoen (kiss) and gezond (healthy), German Sühne (atonement) and gesund (healthy). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Others, such as Alberto Nocentini, consider the term an isolate, with no extra-Italic cognates.



sānus (feminine sāna, neuter sānum, comparative sānior, adverb sānē); first/second-declension adjective

  1. sound in body, healthy, whole, well
    Synonyms: saluber, salvus, validus, integer, intactus, sospes, incolumis, sollus
    Antonyms: aeger, miser, fessus, īnfirmus, languidus
  2. sound in mind, sane, well
  3. (of style) correct, sensible, discreet, sober, chaste


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative sānus sāna sānum sānī sānae sāna
Genitive sānī sānae sānī sānōrum sānārum sānōrum
Dative sānō sānō sānīs
Accusative sānum sānam sānum sānōs sānās sāna
Ablative sānō sānā sānō sānīs
Vocative sāne sāna sānum sānī sānae sāna

Derived terms[edit]


  • Aromanian: sãn
  • Asturian: sanu
  • Catalan: sa
  • English: sane
  • Esperanto: sana
  • Franco-Provençal: san
  • French: sain
  • Friulian: san
  • Galician: san
  • Ido: sana
  • Italian: sano
  • Occitan: san
  • Portuguese: são
  • Romanian: sănătos
  • Romansch: saun, san
  • Sardinian: sanu
  • Sicilian: sanu
  • Spanish: sano
  • Venetian: san, sano

See also[edit]


  • “sano” in: Alberto Nocentini, Alessandro Parenti, “l'Etimologico — Vocabolario della lingua italiana”, Le Monnier, 2010, →ISBN
  • sanus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • sanus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • sanus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • sound, unimpaired senses: sensus sani, integri, incorrupti
    • to be of sound mind: sanae mentis esse
    • are you in your right mind: satin (= satisne) sanus es?
    • (ambiguous) but this is not to the point: sed hoc nihil (sane) ad rem
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 538