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From Proto-Italic *salwos, from Proto-Indo-European *solh₂wós, from *solh₂- (whole) + *-wós (whence Latin -vus; for a similar semantic development see wholesome).



salvus (feminine salva, neuter salvum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. safe, saved, preserved, sound, unharmed, unscathed, unhurt, uninjured
    Synonyms: sanus, saluber, validus, integer, intactus, sospes, incolumis, sollus, innoxius
    Antonyms: aeger, miser, fessus, īnfirmus, languidus
    Hanc rem publicam salvam esse volumus.
    We wish this republic to be safe.
  2. well, healthy, wholesome


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative salvus salva salvum salvī salvae salva
Genitive salvī salvae salvī salvōrum salvārum salvōrum
Dative salvō salvō salvīs
Accusative salvum salvam salvum salvōs salvās salva
Ablative salvō salvā salvō salvīs
Vocative salve salva salvum salvī salvae salva

Derived terms[edit]



  • salvus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • salvus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • without breaking the law: salvis legibus (vid. sect. X. 7, note Notice...)