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See also: äger and æger



From Latin aeger (sick).


aeger (not comparable)

  1. (dated, Britain school slang) Absent and excused from one’s classes due to illness
  2. (dated, Britain school slang) Relating to such an excused absence


aeger (plural aegers)

  1. (dated, Britain school slang) An excused absence from classes due to illness
  2. (dated, Britain school slang) A note excusing a student from classes due to illness

Related terms[edit]




Maybe from Proto-Indo-European *h₂eǵ-. Cognates include Latin agō, gerō, Ancient Greek ἄγω (ágō, to lead), Old English acan (English ache) and Polish jaga, jędza.

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.



aeger (feminine aegra, neuter aegrum, comparative aegrior, superlative aegerrimus, adverb aegrē); first/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er)

  1. sick, ill
  2. (figuratively) difficult, reluctant, troublesome
  3. (figuratively) anxious, troubled, sad


First/second-declension adjective (nominative masculine singular in -er).

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative aeger aegra aegrum aegrī aegrae aegra
Genitive aegrī aegrae aegrī aegrōrum aegrārum aegrōrum
Dative aegrō aegrō aegrīs
Accusative aegrum aegram aegrum aegrōs aegrās aegra
Ablative aegrō aegrā aegrō aegrīs
Vocative aeger aegra aegrum aegrī aegrae aegra


aeger m (genitive aegrī); second declension

  1. sick person, invalid


Second-declension noun (nominative singular in -er).

Case Singular Plural
Nominative aeger aegrī
Genitive aegrī aegrōrum
Dative aegrō aegrīs
Accusative aegrum aegrōs
Ablative aegrō aegrīs
Vocative aeger aegrī

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • English: aeger
  • Italian: egro
  • Portuguese: egro


  • aeger in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aeger in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aeger in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[2], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be ill, weakly: infirma, aegra valetudine esse or uti
    • to have the gout: ex pedibus laborare, pedibus aegrum esse
    • some one feigns illness: aliquis simulat aegrum or se esse aegrum