fortis

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See also: Fortis

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin fortis (brave). Doublet of fort and forte.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fortis (not comparable)

  1. (phonetics) Strongly articulated (of a consonant), hence voiceless.
    Synonym: tense
    Antonym: lenis
    • 2004, Stephan Gramley, Michael Pätzold, A Survey of Modern English, Routledge (→ISBN), page 80:
      All vowels, whether short or complex, are relatively shorter when followed by a fortis consonant and relatively longer when followed by a lenis one or, for those where this is possible, when no consonant follows (in free or unchecked syllables).

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Latin forctis, fortis, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (to rise, high, hill). Cognate with Avestan 𐬠𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬰𐬀𐬧𐬝(bərəzaṇt̰), Sanskrit बर्हयति (barhayati, to invigorate) and Old English burg (English borough).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈfor.tis/, [ˈfɔr.tɪs]
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

fortis (neuter forte); third declension

  1. strong (physically powerful)
  2. (figuratively) courageous, brave, steadfast
Declension[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative fortis forte fortēs fortia
Genitive fortis fortium
Dative fortī fortibus
Accusative fortem forte fortēs, fortīs fortia
Ablative fortī fortibus
Vocative fortis forte fortēs fortia
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From fōrs.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fōrtis

  1. genitive singular of fōrs

References[edit]


Old Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (to rise, high, hill).

Adjective[edit]

fortis

  1. strong

Declension[edit]

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]