fortis

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See also: Fortis

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin fortis (brave). Doublet of fort and forte.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fortis (not comparable)

  1. (phonetics) Strongly articulated (of a consonant), hence voiceless.
    Synonym: tense
    Antonym: lenis
    • 2004, Stephan Gramley, Michael Pätzold, A Survey of Modern English, Routledge (→ISBN), page 80:
      All vowels, whether short or complex, are relatively shorter when followed by a fortis consonant and relatively longer when followed by a lenis one or, for those where this is possible, when no consonant follows (in free or unchecked syllables).

Noun[edit]

fortis (plural fortes)

  1. (phonetics) A fortis consonant.

Latin[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Latin forctis, fortis, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (to rise, high, hill). Cognate with Avestan 𐬠𐬆𐬭𐬆𐬰𐬀𐬧𐬝(bərəzaṇt̰), Sanskrit बर्हयति (barhayati, to invigorate) and Old English burg (English borough).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fortis (neuter forte, comparative fortior, superlative fortissimus, adverb fortiter); third-declension two-termination adjective

  1. (physically) strong, powerful
  2. (figuratively), (mentally) firm, resolute, steadfast, stout
  3. (figuratively), (answering to the Greek ἀνδρεῖος) courageous, brave; manly, mannish
Declension[edit]

Third-declension two-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative fortis forte fortēs fortia
Genitive fortis fortium
Dative fortī fortibus
Accusative fortem forte fortēs
fortīs
fortia
Ablative fortī fortibus
Vocative fortis forte fortēs fortia

Derived terms[edit]

Borrowed terms[edit]

  • Albanian: fortë
  • Basque: bortitz
  • English: fortis

Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From fors.

Noun[edit]

fortis

  1. genitive singular of fors

References[edit]


Old Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (to rise, high, hill).

Adjective[edit]

fortis

  1. strong

Declension[edit]

This adjective needs an inflection-table template.

Descendants[edit]