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Traditionally from in- (un-, not) +‎ gens (kind, family, race); something that goes beyond what is natural for its kind. Sometimes linked to Proto-Indo-European *méǵh₂s, from an extended form of the oblique stem *m̥ǵh₂- ; this would make it cognate to magnus, Ancient Greek μέγας (mégas) and Sanskrit महत् (mahat)[1]



ingēns (genitive ingentis, comparative ingentior, superlative ingentissimus); third-declension one-termination adjective

  1. huge, vast, enormous
  2. immoderate, exorbitant
  3. extraordinary, unnatural
  4. (figuratively) mighty, powerful


Third-declension one-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative ingēns ingentēs ingentia
Genitive ingentis ingentium
Dative ingentī ingentibus
Accusative ingentem ingēns ingentēs ingentia
Ablative ingentī ingentibus
Vocative ingēns ingentēs ingentia
  • The ablative singular also appears as ingente.



  • ingens in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ingens in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ingens in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a numerous army: ingens, maximus exercitus (not numerosus)
    • to cause great slaughter, carnage: ingentem caedem edere (Liv. 5. 13)
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