ingens

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Traditionally from in- (un-, not) +‎ gens (kind, family, race); something that goes beyond what is natural for its kind. Sometimes linked to Proto-Indo-European *méǵh₂s, from an extended form of the oblique stem *m̥ǵh₂- ; this would make it cognate to magnus, Ancient Greek μέγας (mégas) and Sanskrit महत् (mahat)[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ingēns (genitive ingentis, comparative ingentior, superlative ingentissimus); third-declension one-termination adjective

  1. huge, vast, enormous
    Synonyms: impēnsus, immēnsus, vāstus, immānis
  2. immoderate, exorbitant
  3. extraordinary, unnatural
  4. (figuratively) mighty, powerful
    Synonyms: praevalēns, fortis, potis, potēns, validus, strēnuus, firmus, compos
    Antonyms: dēbilis, languidus, aeger, fractus, tenuis, īnfirmus, inops

Declension[edit]

Third-declension one-termination adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
Nominative ingēns ingentēs ingentia
Genitive ingentis ingentium
Dative ingentī ingentibus
Accusative ingentem ingēns ingentēs ingentia
Ablative ingentī ingentibus
Vocative ingēns ingentēs ingentia
  • The ablative singular also appears as ingente.

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: ingent
  • Italian: ingente
  • Sicilian: ncenti
  • Spanish: ingente

References[edit]

  • ingens”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ingens”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ingens in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a numerous army: ingens, maximus exercitus (not numerosus)
    • to cause great slaughter, carnage: ingentem caedem edere (Liv. 5. 13)