ingens

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Traditionally from in- (un-, not) +‎ gens (kind, family, race); something that goes beyond what is natural for its kind. Sometimes linked to Proto-Indo-European *méǵh₂s, from an extended form of the oblique stem *m̥ǵh₂- ; this would make it cognate to magnus, Ancient Greek μέγας (mégas) and Sanskrit महत् (mahat)[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

ingēns (genitive ingentis); third declension

  1. huge, vast, enormous
  2. immoderate, exorbitant
  3. extraordinary, unnatural
  4. (figuratively) mighty, powerful

Inflection[edit]

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masc./Fem. Neuter Masc./Fem. Neuter
nominative ingēns ingentēs ingentia
genitive ingentis ingentium
dative ingentī ingentibus
accusative ingentem ingēns ingentēs ingentia
ablative ingentī ingentibus
vocative ingēns ingentēs ingentia
  • The ablative singular also appears as ingente.

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • ingens in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • ingens in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • ingens” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • a numerous army: ingens, maximus exercitus (not numerosus)
    • to cause great slaughter, carnage: ingentem caedem edere (Liv. 5. 13)