vast

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See also: VAST, väst, and -vast

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French vaste, from Latin vastus (void, immense). Related to waste and German Wüste.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vast (comparative vaster or more vast, superlative vastest or most vast)

  1. Very large or wide (literally or figuratively).
    The Sahara desert is vast.
    There is a vast difference between them.
  2. Very great in size, amount, degree, intensity, or especially extent.
    • 1658, Thomas Browne, “The Garden of Cyrus. []. Chapter III.”, in Hydriotaphia, Urne-buriall, [] Together with The Garden of Cyrus, [], London: [] Hen[ry] Brome [], →OCLC, page 136:
      The exiguity and ſmallneſſe of ſome ſeeds extending to large productions is one of the magnalities of nature, ſomewhat illuſtrating the work of the Creation, and vaſt production from nothing.
    • 1951 October, R. S. McNaught, “Lines of Approach”, in Railway Magazine, page 703:
      Another place where, from the aesthetic point of view, a long tunnel would have been a real blessing, is East London as viewed from the carriage window on the old Great Eastern line. Despite a vast change from crowded slums to tracts of wasteland, due to its grim wartime experience, this approach still provides a shabby and unworthy introduction to the great capital.
    • 2012 March-April, Anna Lena Phillips, “Sneaky Silk Moths”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 2, page 172:
      Last spring, the periodical cicadas emerged across eastern North America. Their vast numbers and short above-ground life spans inspired awe and irritation in humans—and made for good meals for birds and small mammals.
  3. (obsolete) Waste; desert; desolate; lonely.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

vast (plural vasts)

  1. (poetic) A vast space.

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vāstus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vast (feminine vasta, masculine plural vasts or vastos, feminine plural vastes)

  1. vast, wide

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch vast, from Old Dutch fast, from Proto-West Germanic *fastī, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz.

Adjective[edit]

vast (comparative vaster, superlative meest vast or vastst)

  1. firm, fast, tight
  2. fixed, not moving or changing
    Kunnen we de vaste lasten dragen?
    Can we sustain the fixed costs?
  3. stuck, unable to get out
    Haar hand zat vast in het gat.
    Her hand was stuck in the hole.
  4. (chemistry) in the solid state
    Bij kamertemperatuur is het een vaste stof.
    It is a solid substance at room temperature.
  5. (botany) perennial
    Hij heeft een aantal vaste planten gepoot.
    He has planted a few perennial plants.
  6. (of a telephone) using a landline
    Is er een vaste verbinding?
    Is there a landline connection?
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of vast
uninflected vast
inflected vaste
comparative vaster
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial vast vaster het vastst
het vastste
indefinite m./f. sing. vaste vastere vastste
n. sing. vast vaster vastste
plural vaste vastere vastste
definite vaste vastere vastste
partitive vasts vasters
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: vas
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: vasi
  • Negerhollands: vast, vas
  • ? Sranan Tongo: fasi, fasti

Adverb[edit]

vast

  1. (obsolete) almost; about; close to
  2. surely, certainly
    Synonym: zeker
  3. (informal, sarcastically) sure, yeah, right
    Mijn hond at mijn huiswerk.Ja, vast!
    My dog ate my homework. — Yeah, right!

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

vast

  1. inflection of vasten:
    1. first/second/third-person singular present indicative
    2. imperative

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of Finno-Mordvinic or Finno-Volgaic origin. Cognate to Finnish vasta, Votic vassõ, Northern Sami vuostá, Erzya вастомс (vastoms, to meet; to receive), Moksha васта (vasta, place; distance) and possibly Western Mari ваштареш (vaštareš, against; across).[1]

Adverb[edit]

vast (not comparable)

  1. maybe, possibly
  2. recently, just, now

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ vast in Metsmägi, Iris; Sedrik, Meeli; Soosaar, Sven-Erik (2012), Eesti etümoloogiasõnaraamat, Tallinn: Eesti Keele Instituut, →ISBN

Ingrian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *vasta. Cognates include Finnish vasta and Estonian vast.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

vast

  1. just now

Synonyms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

vast (+ partitive)

  1. against, towards

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 645

Livonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *vasta, from Proto-Finno-Permic *wasta (a place opposite or across). Cognate with Finnish vasta-, vastaan, vasten.

Preposition[edit]

vast

  1. against

Ludian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably borrowed from Old East Slavic хвостъ (xvostŭ); see vasta.

Noun[edit]

vast

  1. bundle (of switches for the sauna)

Old Norse[edit]

Verb[edit]

vast

  1. second-person singular past active indicative of vera

Romani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sanskrit हस्त (hasta). Compare Punjabi ਹੱਥ (hatth), Hindi हाथ (hāth), Bengali হাত (hat); compare also Persianدست(dast).

Noun[edit]

vast m (nominative plural vasta)

  1. (anatomy) hand

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Boretzky, Norbert; Igla, Birgit (1994), “vast”, in Wörterbuch Romani-Deutsch-Englisch für den südosteuropäischen Raum : mit einer Grammatik der Dialektvarianten [Romani-German-English dictionary for the Southern European region] (in German), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, →ISBN, page 297
  • Marcel Courthiade (2009), “o vast, -es- m. -a, -en-”, in Melinda Rézműves, editor, Morri angluni rromane ćhibǎqi evroputni lavustik = Első rromani nyelvű európai szótáram : cigány, magyar, angol, francia, spanyol, német, ukrán, román, horvát, szlovák, görög [My First European-Romani Dictionary: Romani, Hungarian, English, French, Spanish, German, Ukrainian, Romanian, Croatian, Slovak, Greek] (in Hungarian; English), Budapest: Fővárosi Onkormányzat Cigány Ház--Romano Kher, →ISBN, page 373

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from French vaste, from Latin vastus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vast m or n (feminine singular vastă, masculine plural vaști, feminine and neuter plural vaste)

  1. vast

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably borrowed from Old East Slavic хвостъ (xvostŭ); see vasta.

Noun[edit]

vast

  1. broom, whisk
  2. bath broom

Declension[edit]

Inflection of vast (inflection type 5/sana)
nominative sing. vast
genitive sing. vastan
partitive sing. vastad
partitive plur. vastoid
singular plural
nominative vast vastad
accusative vastan vastad
genitive vastan vastoiden
partitive vastad vastoid
essive-instructive vastan vastoin
translative vastaks vastoikš
inessive vastas vastoiš
elative vastaspäi vastoišpäi
illative vastaha
vastha
vastoihe
adessive vastal vastoil
ablative vastalpäi vastoilpäi
allative vastale vastoile
abessive vastata vastoita
comitative vastanke vastoidenke
prolative vastadme vastoidme
approximative I vastanno vastoidenno
approximative II vastannoks vastoidennoks
egressive vastannopäi vastoidennopäi
terminative I vastahasai
vasthasai
vastoihesai
terminative II vastalesai vastoilesai
terminative III vastassai
additive I vastahapäi
vasthapäi
vastoihepäi
additive II vastalepäi vastoilepäi