vast

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See also: VAST and väst

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French vaste, from Latin vastus (void, immense). Related to waste and German Wüste.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vast (comparative vaster or more vast, superlative vastest or most vast)

  1. Very large or wide (literally or figuratively).
    The Sahara desert is vast.
    There is a vast difference between them.
  2. Very great in size, amount, degree, intensity, or especially extent.
    • 1658, Thomas Browne, “The Garden of Cyrus. []. Chapter III.”, in Hydriotaphia, Urne-buriall, [] Together with The Garden of Cyrus, [], London: [] Hen[ry] Brome [], OCLC 48702491; reprinted as Hydriotaphia (The English Replicas), New York, N.Y.: Payson & Clarke Ltd., 1927, OCLC 78413388, page 136:
      The exiguity and ſmallneſſe of ſome ſeeds extending to large productions is one of the magnalities of nature, ſomewhat illuſtrating the work of the Creation, and vaſt production from nothing.
    • 2012 March-April, Anna Lena Phillips, “Sneaky Silk Moths”, in American Scientist[1], volume 100, number 2, page 172:
      Last spring, the periodical cicadas emerged across eastern North America. Their vast numbers and short above-ground life spans inspired awe and irritation in humans—and made for good meals for birds and small mammals.
  3. (obsolete) Waste; desert; desolate; lonely.

Translations[edit]

Noun[edit]

vast (plural vasts)

  1. (poetic) A vast space.

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin vāstus.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

vast (feminine vasta, masculine plural vasts or vastos, feminine plural vastes)

  1. vast, wide

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch vast, from Old Dutch fast, from Proto-West Germanic *fastī, from Proto-Germanic *fastuz.

Adjective[edit]

vast (comparative vaster, superlative meest vast or vastst)

  1. firm, fast, tight
  2. fixed, not moving or changing
    Kunnen we de vaste lasten dragen?
    Can we sustain the fixed costs?
  3. stuck, unable to get out
    Haar hand zat vast in het gat.
    Her hand was stuck in the hole.
  4. (chemistry) in the solid state
    Bij kamertemperatuur is het een vaste stof.
    It is a solid substance at room temperature.
  5. (botany) perennial
    Hij heeft een aantal vaste planten gepoot.
    He has planted a few perennial plants.
  6. (of a telephone) using a landline
    Is er een vaste verbinding?
    Is there a landline connection?
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of vast
uninflected vast
inflected vaste
comparative vaster
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial vast vaster het vastst
het vastste
indefinite m./f. sing. vaste vastere vastste
n. sing. vast vaster vastste
plural vaste vastere vastste
definite vaste vastere vastste
partitive vasts vasters
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afrikaans: vas
  • Berbice Creole Dutch: vasi
  • Negerhollands: vast, vas
  • ? Sranan Tongo: fasi, fasti

Adverb[edit]

vast

  1. (obsolete) almost; about; close to
  2. surely, certainly
    Synonym: zeker
  3. (informal, sarcastically) sure, yeah, right
    Mijn hond at mijn huiswerk.Ja, vast!
    My dog ate my homework. — Yeah, right!

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

vast

  1. first-, second- and third-person singular present indicative of vasten
  2. imperative of vasten

Estonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Of Finno-Mordvinic or Finno-Volgaic origin. Cognate to Finnish vasta, Votic vassa, Northern Sami vuostá, Erzya вастомс (vastoms, to meet; to receive), Moksha васта (vasta, place; distance) and possibly Western Mari ваштареш (βaštareš, against; across).[1]

Adverb[edit]

vast

  1. maybe, possibly
  2. recently, just, now

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ vast in Metsmägi, Iris; Sedrik, Meeli; Soosaar, Sven-Erik (2012), Eesti etümoloogiasõnaraamat, Tallinn: Eesti Keele Instituut, →ISBN

Livonian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to Finnish vasten

Preposition[edit]

vast

  1. against

Ludian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably borrowed from Old East Slavic хвостъ (xvostŭ); see vasta.

Noun[edit]

vast

  1. bundle (of switches for the sauna)

Old Norse[edit]

Verb[edit]

vast

  1. second-person singular past active indicative of vera

Romani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Sanskrit हस्त (hasta). Compare Punjabi ਹੱਥ (hatth), Hindi हाथ (hāth), Bengali হাত (hat); compare also Persian دست(dast).

Noun[edit]

vast m (nominative plural vasta)

  1. (anatomy) hand

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Boretzky, Norbert; Igla, Birgit (1994), “vast”, in Wörterbuch Romani-Deutsch-Englisch für den südosteuropäischen Raum : mit einer Grammatik der Dialektvarianten [Romani-German-English dictionary for the Southern European region] (in German), Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, →ISBN, page 297
  • Marcel Courthiade (2009), “o vast, -es- m. -a, -en-”, in Melinda Rézműves, editor, Morri angluni rromane ćhibǎqi evroputni lavustik = Első rromani nyelvű európai szótáram : cigány, magyar, angol, francia, spanyol, német, ukrán, román, horvát, szlovák, görög [My First European-Romani Dictionary: Romani, Hungarian, English, French, Spanish, German, Ukrainian, Romanian, Croatian, Slovak, Greek] (in Hungarian; English), Budapest: Fővárosi Onkormányzat Cigány Ház--Romano Kher, →ISBN, page 373

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French vaste, from Latin vastus.

Adjective[edit]

vast m or n (feminine singular vastă, masculine plural vaști, feminine and neuter plural vaste)

  1. vast

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Veps[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably borrowed from Old East Slavic хвостъ (xvostŭ); see vasta.

Noun[edit]

vast

  1. bundle (of switches for the sauna)