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1644, from Latin perennis (lasting through the whole year) (itself from per- (through) + annus (year)) + -al; surface analysis per- +‎ -ennial.


  • IPA(key): /pəˈɹɛni.əl/
  • (file)


perennial (not comparable)

  1. Lasting or remaining active throughout the year, or all the time.
    a perennial stream
  2. (botany, of a plant) Having a life cycle of more than two years.
    Coordinate terms: annual, biennial
  3. (figuratively) Continuing without cessation or intermission; perpetual; never failing.
    Synonyms: perpetual, permanent, unceasing
  4. (figuratively) Enduring; lasting; timeless.
    Synonyms: timeless, everlasting, perpetual; see also Thesaurus:eternal
    His artwork has a perennial beauty.
  5. (figuratively) Recurrent; appearing or recurring again and again.
    Synonyms: recurring, repetitious; see also Thesaurus:repetitive
    Change is a perennial theme in politics.
    a perennial candidate

Derived terms[edit]


The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.


perennial (plural perennials)

  1. A perennial plant; a plant that is active throughout the year or survives for more than two growing seasons.
    Coordinate terms: annual, biennial, evergreen


Further reading[edit]