vasten

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Dutch[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch vasten, from Old Dutch *faston, from Proto-Germanic *fastijaną.

Verb[edit]

vasten

  1. to fast
Inflection[edit]
Inflection of vasten (weak)
infinitive vasten
past singular vastte
past participle gevast
infinitive vasten
gerund vasten n
verbal noun
present tense past tense
1st person singular vast vastte
2nd person sing. (jij) vast vastte
2nd person sing. (u) vast vastte
2nd person sing. (gij) vast vastte
3rd person singular vast vastte
plural vasten vastten
subjunctive sing.1 vaste vastte
subjunctive plur.1 vasten vastten
imperative sing. vast
imperative plur.1 vast
participles vastend gevast
1) Archaic.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Dutch vastene f, from Old Dutch *fastunna, from Proto-Germanic *fastubniją, *fastubnijō. Cognate with Old Saxon fastunnia, Gothic 𐍆𐌰𐍃𐍄𐌿𐌱𐌽𐌹 ‎(fastubni).

Noun[edit]

vasten m, n ‎(uncountable)

  1. fast (period of time when one abstains from or eats very little food)

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Adverb[edit]

vasten

  1. (colloquial, dialectal) against
    En ole vasten.
    I'm not against.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Inflection[edit]

Postposition[edit]

vasten

  1. against (of a position, touching)
    Lapio nojasi seinää vasten.
    The shovel was leaning against the wall.
  2. against (of a position, against a background)
    Katso sitä valoa vasten, niin näet, mitä tarkoitan.
    Look at it against the light, and you will see what I mean.
  3. preceding, before (immediately before)
    Se tapahtui torstaita vasten yöllä.
    It happened in the night preceding Thursday.
  4. towards, against (to a direction)
    Kapteeni ohjasi keulan tuulta vasten.
    The captain steered the bow towards the wind.
  5. against (in opposition to, opposing)
    Taistelimme intiaaneja vasten kolme päivää ja yötä.
    We fought against the Indians for three days and nights.
  6. against (contrary to)
    Hän toimi selkeää kieltoa vasten.
    He acted against a clear prohibition.
  7. (colloquial) for (a purpose)
    Mitä vasten?
    What for?

Usage notes[edit]

Used also as preposition, without change in meaning.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]