firmus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *fermos, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰer-mo-s (holding), from the root *dʰer- (to hold) (whence also ferē and fermē). Cognate with Sanskrit धरति (dhárati), Old Persian 𐎭𐎠𐎼𐎹𐎫𐎡𐎹 (d-a-r-y-t-i-y /dārayatiy/), Persian دار (dār, have, hold), Lithuanian derė́ti, Russian держать (deržát’).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

firmus (feminine firma, neuter firmum, comparative firmior, superlative firmissimus); first/second declension

  1. stable, strong, firm
  2. faithful, steadfast, true

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative firmus firma firmum firmī firmae firma
genitive firmī firmae firmī firmōrum firmārum firmōrum
dative firmō firmō firmīs
accusative firmum firmam firmum firmōs firmās firma
ablative firmō firmā firmō firmīs
vocative firme firma firmum firmī firmae firma

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “firmus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, page 223

Further reading[edit]