durus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: duruş

Ido[edit]

Verb[edit]

durus

  1. conditional of durar

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Italic *dūros, from Proto-Indo-European *duh₂-ró-s (long), from *dweh₂- (far, long). Cognate with Ancient Greek δηρός (dērós, long), Sanskrit दूर (dūrá, distant, far, long), though there are semantic problems if the change "long" > "enduring" (see dūrō) is not accepted.

Alternatively, from Proto-Indo-European *deru-, *drew- (hard, fast). Cognate with Lithuanian drū́tas (firm, strong), Old English trum (trim, strong, firm), Sanskrit ध्रुव (dhruva, firm, fixed).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dūrus (feminine dūra, neuter dūrum, comparative dūrior, superlative dūrissimus, adverb dūrē or dūriter); first/second-declension adjective

  1. hard, rough (of a touch)
  2. harsh (of a taste)
  3. hardy, vigorous
  4. unyielding, unfeeling, stern
  5. oppressive, severe
    • Dura lex, sed lex.
      The law is harsh but it is the law.

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative dūrus dūra dūrum dūrī dūrae dūra
Genitive dūrī dūrae dūrī dūrōrum dūrārum dūrōrum
Dative dūrō dūrō dūrīs
Accusative dūrum dūram dūrum dūrōs dūrās dūra
Ablative dūrō dūrā dūrō dūrīs
Vocative dūre dūra dūrum dūrī dūrae dūra

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: dur
  • Dalmatian: doir
  • English: dure
  • French: dur
  • Friulian: dûr
  • Galician: duro
  • Istriot: doûro
  • Italian: duro
  • Ligurian: dûo
  • Lombard: dür

References[edit]