dúr

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See also: dur

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *dʰeu-r-, cognate with Russian дурь ‎(durʹ), Ukrainian дур ‎(dur), дура ‎(dura). See dúra.

Noun[edit]

dúr m ‎(genitive singular dúrs, nominative plural dúrar)

  1. nap (short period of sleep)
  2. a short break
  3. a short while
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from Danish dur, from Latin dūrus ‎(hard).

Noun[edit]

dúr m ‎(genitive singular dúrs, nominative plural dúrar)

  1. (music) a major key or scale
Declension[edit]
Antonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish dúr, from Latin dūrus ‎(hard).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dúr ‎(genitive singular masculine dúir, genitive singular feminine dúire, plural dúra, comparative dúire)

  1. (literary) hard
    1. rigid, solid
    2. hardy, tough
    3. difficult
    4. hard to bear
    5. unfeeling
  2. dour, grim, obstinate
  3. dense, stupid
  4. sluggish

Declension[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
dúr dhúr ndúr
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • 1 dúr” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “dúr” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1927, by Patrick S. Dinneen.
  • "dúr" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.

Middle Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin dūrus ‎(hard)

Adjective[edit]

dúr ‎(comparative dúru, superlative duirem)

  1. rigid, hard, solid
  2. difficult
  3. hard to bear
  4. strict, austere
  5. hardy, resolute
  6. unfeeling, dour, obdurate

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • 1 dúr” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.