dour

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: dōur

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Scots dour, from Latin dūrus (hard, stern), possibly via Middle Irish dúr. Compare French dur, German Dauer, Italian duro, Portuguese duro, Romanian dur, Spanish duro. Doublet of dure.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

dour (comparative dourer or more dour, superlative dourest or most dour)

  1. Stern, harsh and forbidding.
    • 2017, Rutger Bregman, chapter 6, in Elizabeth Manton, transl., Utopia for Realists, Kindle edition, Bloomsbury Publishing, page 149:
      I was reminded of the dour priests and salesmen of the nineteenth century who believed that the plebs wouldn’t be able to handle getting the vote, or a decent wage, or, least of all, leisure, and who backed the seventy-hour workweek as an efficacious instrument in the fight against liquor.
  2. Unyielding and obstinate.
  3. Expressing gloom or melancholy; sullenly unhappy.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Breton[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *duβr, from Proto-Celtic *dubros, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰubrós (deep).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

dour m (plural dourioù or doureier)

  1. water
  2. (by extension) rain, tears, sweat, saliva

Mutation[edit]


Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Irish dúr, from Latin dūrus (hard).

Adjective[edit]

dour

  1. stern, severe, relentless, dour

References[edit]