rau

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Rau, râu, rãu, and rău

Catalan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

rau

  1. third-person singular present indicative form of raure
  2. second-person singular imperative form of raure

Fijian[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

rau

  1. they two, those two

See also[edit]


German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • rauh (dated, pre-reform orthography)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German rūch, from Old High German rūh, from Proto-Germanic *rūhwaz. Though etymologically justified, the silent h was abolished in 1996 because rauh was the only word in which it was used after the diphthong -au-. Cognate with Dutch ruig and ruw, English rough (which see).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʁaʊ̯/
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

rau (strong nominative masculine singular rauer, comparative rauer, superlative am rauesten or am rausten)

  1. rough
    • 2010, Der Spiegel, issue 26/2010, page 125:
      Tiere, die in rauem Klima leben, sind oft klüger als ihre Artgenossen aus gemäßigten Breiten, das legen verschiedene Studien nahe.
      Several studies suggest that animals which live in rough climates are often smarter than members of the same species from moderate latitudes.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • The spelling rau has been the prescribed spelling since the German spelling reform of 1996 (the Rechtschreibreform). In the affected areas, the previous spelling (rauh) is now less common, and may be regarded as a misspelling.

Further reading[edit]

  • rau” in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache
  • rau” in Uni Leipzig: Wortschatz-Lexikon
  • rau” in Duden online

Hunsrik[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rau

  1. rough

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German rūhe, from Old High German rūh, from Proto-Germanic *rūhaz. Cognate with German rau, Dutch ruig, English rough, West Frisian rûch.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ræu̯/, [ʀæˑʊ̯]

Adjective[edit]

rau (masculine rauen, neuter raut, comparative méi rau, superlative am rausten)

  1. rough
    D'Schuel vun dësem Bam ass ganz rau.The bark of this tree is very rough.
  2. raw, harsh
    D'Antarktis huet e raue Klima.Antarctica has a harsh climate.
  3. hoarse, husky
    Si huet eng rau Stëmm.She has a husky voice.
  4. boorish, uncouth, rough
    Wat e raue Mann!What a boorish man!

Declension[edit]


Maori[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *rau, from Proto-Oceanic, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *dahun (leaf).

Noun[edit]

rau

  1. leaf

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *ʀatus, from Proto-Austronesian *ɣatus (hundred).

Numeral[edit]

rau

  1. hundred

References[edit]

  • rau” in John C. Moorfield, Te Aka: Maori-English, English-Maori Dictionary and Index, 3rd edition, Longman/Pearson Education New Zealand, 2011, →ISBN.

Middle English[edit]

Adjective[edit]

rau

  1. Alternative form of raw

Mo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *dahun

Noun[edit]

rau

  1. leaf

References[edit]

  • George W. Grace, Notes on the phonological history of the Austronesian languages of the Sarmi Coast, in Oceanic Linguistics (1971, 10:11-37)

Mori Bawah[edit]

Verb[edit]

rau

  1. (stative) to be over there, somewhere remote but at the same elevation as the speaker and hearer

References[edit]

  • The Austronesian Languages of Asia and Madagascar (2013, →ISBN, page 695-6

Rapa Nui[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Polynesian *rau, from Proto-Oceanic, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *dahun.

Noun[edit]

rau

  1. leaf

Sobei[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *dahun

Noun[edit]

rau

  1. leaf

References[edit]

  • George W. Grace, Notes on the phonological history of the Austronesian languages of the Sarmi Coast, in Oceanic Linguistics (1971, 10:11-37)

Ternate[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Likely from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *dahun; compare Malay daun, Sobei rau. Furthermore, Holton and Klamer reconstruct Proto-North Halmahera *soka (leaf), which this does not continue.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rau (Jawi راوو‎)

  1. leaf

Alternative forms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Frederik Sigismund Alexander de Clercq (1890) Bijdragen tot de kennis der Residentie Ternate, E.J. Brill
  • Rika Hayami-Allen (2001) A descriptive study of the language of Ternate, the northern Moluccas, Indonesia, University of Pittsburgh

Vietnamese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Vietic *-raw. Possibly a non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese (SV: lâu).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rau

  1. leafy greens, leaf vegetable

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms

White Hmong[edit]

White Hmong cardinal numbers
 <  5 6 7  > 
    Cardinal : rau

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Hmong-Mien *kruk (six), of Sino-Tibetan origin. Cognate with Iu Mien juqv.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

rau

  1. six

References[edit]

  • Ernest E. Heimbach, White Hmong - English Dictionary (1979, SEAP Publications)