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From Middle Dutch ruuch, ru, rou, from Old Dutch *rūh, *rū, from Proto-Germanic *rūhaz, *rūhwaz. The original stem ended in -h-, which disappeared between vowels, giving *rū- in the inflected forms in Old Dutch. This then gave rise to an alternative uninflected form *rū, which developed into Middle Dutch ru, rou, modern Dutch ruw, rouw. The original uninflected form was back-formed to ruig based on other words with -ch in the uninflected form and -g- in inflected forms, similar to what happened to hoog.



ruig (comparative ruiger, superlative ruigst)

  1. rough, rugged, bristly
  2. raucous, boisterous


Inflection of ruig
uninflected ruig
inflected ruige
comparative ruiger
positive comparative superlative
predicative/adverbial ruig ruiger het ruigst
het ruigste
indefinite m./f. sing. ruige ruigere ruigste
n. sing. ruig ruiger ruigste
plural ruige ruigere ruigste
definite ruige ruigere ruigste
partitive ruigs ruigers

Scottish Gaelic[edit]


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ruig (past ràinig, future ruigidh, verbal noun ruigsinn or ruighinn or ruigheachd, past participle ruigte)

  1. reach
  2. arrive


Tense \ Voice Active Passive
Present a' ruigsinn/a' ruighinn/a' ruigheachd --
Past ràinig ruigeadh
Future ruigidh ruigear
Conditional ruigeadh ruigteadh