दूर

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See also: देर and द्रु

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀤𑀽𑀭 (dūra), from Sanskrit दूर (dūrá). Also influenced by Persian دور (dur).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

दूर (dūr) (Urdu spelling دور)

  1. distant, far
    आपका कार्यालय यहाँ से कितनी दूर है।
    āpkā kāryālay yahā̃ se kitnī dūr hai.
    How far is your office from here?
    पृथ्वी से शनि बहुत दूर है।
    pŕthvī se śani bahut dūr hai.
    Saturn is very distant from the Earth.
  2. away, off
    वह सौ मीटर दूर खड़ा था।
    vah sau mīṭar dūr khaṛā thā.
    He was standing a hundred meters away.
    इन लड़कों को खेत से दूर रखो।
    in laṛkõ ko khet se dūr rakho.
    Keep these boys off the field.

Usage notes[edit]

दूर (dūr) can be considered an adverb in the same sense as it is considered an adjective.

Noun[edit]

दूर (dūr) (Urdu spelling دور)

  1. distance, remoteness
    See दूरी (dūrī) for more information.

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “दूर”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons
  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993), “दूर”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *duHrás (far), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *duHrás (far), from Proto-Indo-European *duh₂-ró-s (long, far), from *dweh₂-. Cognate with Persian دور (dūr, far), Avestan 𐬛𐬏𐬭𐬁𐬝 (dūrāt̰, from afar), Ancient Greek δηρός (dērós, long), Latin dūrus, Old Armenian երկար (erkar, long, extended).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

दूर (dūrá)

  1. distant, far, long, remote
    • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 5.7.4
      स स्मा कृणोति केतुमा नक्तं चिद्दूर आ सते।
      sa smā kṛṇoti ketumā naktaṃ ciddūra ā sate.
      He gives a signal in the night even to him who is afar.

Noun[edit]

दूर (dūrán

  1. distance, remoteness
  2. come from afar
  3. long way back or from a remote period

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of दूर (dūrá)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative दूरम्
dūrám
दूरे
dūré
दूराणि / दूरा¹
dūrā́ṇi / dūrā́¹
Vocative दूर
dū́ra
दूरे
dū́re
दूराणि / दूरा¹
dū́rāṇi / dū́rā¹
Accusative दूरम्
dūrám
दूरे
dūré
दूराणि / दूरा¹
dūrā́ṇi / dūrā́¹
Instrumental दूरेण
dūréṇa
दूराभ्याम्
dūrā́bhyām
दूरैः / दूरेभिः¹
dūraíḥ / dūrébhiḥ¹
Dative दूराय
dūrā́ya
दूराभ्याम्
dūrā́bhyām
दूरेभ्यः
dūrébhyaḥ
Ablative दूरात्
dūrā́t
दूराभ्याम्
dūrā́bhyām
दूरेभ्यः
dūrébhyaḥ
Genitive दूरस्य
dūrásya
दूरयोः
dūráyoḥ
दूराणाम्
dūrā́ṇām
Locative दूरे
dūré
दूरयोः
dūráyoḥ
दूरेषु
dūréṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]