दूर

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See also: देर and द्रु

Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Sauraseni Prakrit 𑀤𑀽𑀭 (dūra), from Sanskrit दूर (dūrá). Also influenced by Persian دور (dur).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

दूर (dūr) (Urdu spelling دور)

  1. distant, far
    आपका कार्यालय यहाँ से कितनी दूर है।
    āpkā kāryālay yahā̃ se kitnī dūr hai.
    How far is your office from here?
    पृथ्वी से शनि बहुत दूर है।
    pŕthvī se śani bahut dūr hai.
    Saturn is very distant from the Earth.
  2. away, off
    वह सौ मीटर दूर खड़ा था।
    vah sau mīṭar dūr khaṛā thā.
    He was standing a hundred meters away.
    इन लड़कों को खेत से दूर रखो।
    in laṛkõ ko khet se dūr rakho.
    Keep these boys off the field.

Usage notes[edit]

दूर (dūr) can be considered an adverb in the same sense as it is considered an adjective.

Noun[edit]

दूर (dūr) (Urdu spelling دور)

  1. distance, remoteness
    See दूरी (dūrī) for more information.

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “दूर”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons
  • McGregor, Ronald Stuart (1993), “दूर”, in The Oxford Hindi-English Dictionary, London: Oxford University Press

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *duHrás (far), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *duHrás (far), from Proto-Indo-European *duh₂-ró-s (long, far), from *dweh₂-. Cognate with Persian دور (dūr, far), Avestan 𐬛𐬏𐬭𐬁𐬝 (dūrāt̰, from afar), Ancient Greek δηρός (dērós, long), Latin dūrus, Old Armenian երկար (erkar, long, extended).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /d̪uː.ɽɐ́/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈd̪uː.ɽɐ/
  • Adjective[edit]

    दूर (dūrá)

    1. distant, far, long, remote
      • c. 1700 BCE – 1200 BCE, Ṛgveda 5.7.4
        स स्मा कृणोति केतुमा नक्तं चिद्दूर आ सते ।
        sa smā kṛṇoti ketumā naktaṃ ciddūra ā sate .
        He gives a signal in the night even to him who is afar

    Noun[edit]

    दूर (dūrán

    1. distance, remoteness
    2. come from afar
    3. long way back or from a remote period

    Declension[edit]

    Neuter a-stem declension of दूर (dūrá)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative दूरम्
    dūrám
    दूरे
    dūré
    दूराणि / दूरा¹
    dūrā́ṇi / dūrā́¹
    Vocative दूर
    dū́ra
    दूरे
    dū́re
    दूराणि / दूरा¹
    dū́rāṇi / dū́rā¹
    Accusative दूरम्
    dūrám
    दूरे
    dūré
    दूराणि / दूरा¹
    dūrā́ṇi / dūrā́¹
    Instrumental दूरेण
    dūréṇa
    दूराभ्याम्
    dūrā́bhyām
    दूरैः / दूरेभिः¹
    dūraíḥ / dūrébhiḥ¹
    Dative दूराय
    dūrā́ya
    दूराभ्याम्
    dūrā́bhyām
    दूरेभ्यः
    dūrébhyaḥ
    Ablative दूरात्
    dūrā́t
    दूराभ्याम्
    dūrā́bhyām
    दूरेभ्यः
    dūrébhyaḥ
    Genitive दूरस्य
    dūrásya
    दूरयोः
    dūráyoḥ
    दूराणाम्
    dūrā́ṇām
    Locative दूरे
    dūré
    दूरयोः
    dūráyoḥ
    दूरेषु
    dūréṣu
    Notes
    • ¹Vedic

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 489