धर्म

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Hindi[edit]

Hindi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hi

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit धर्म (dhárma), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dʰármas, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰer- (to hold, to support).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Delhi Hindi) IPA(key): /d̪ʱəɾm/, [d̪ʱɐɾm]
  • Rhymes: -əɾm

Noun[edit]

धर्म (dharmm (Urdu spellingدھرم⁩)

  1. religion, faith
    Synonym: मज़हब (mazhab)
    हम किसी धर्म का तिरस्कार नहीं करना चाहते।
    ham kisī dharm kā tiraskār nahī̃ karnā cāhte.
    We do not want to disregard any religion.
    धर्म हमारे समाज की रीढ़ है।
    dharm hamāre samāj kī rīṛh hai.
    Religion is the backbone of our society.
  2. virtue, righteousness; morality
    हमारा नेता एक धर्म-स्तम्भ है।
    hamārā netā ek dharm-stambh hai.
    Our leader is a pillar of righteousness.
  3. duty
    Synonyms: कर्तव्य (kartavya), फ़र्ज़ (farz)
    तुम्हारी मृत्यु से पहले, अपना अन्तिम धर्म निभाना पड़ता।
    tumhārī mŕtyu se pahle, apnā antim dharm nibhānā paṛtā.
    Before your death, you must fulfill your duty.

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “धर्म”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons.
  • Caturvedi, Mahendra; Bhola Nath Tiwari (1970), “धर्म”, in A practical Hindi-English dictionary, Delhi: National Publishing House

Marathi[edit]

Marathi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia mr

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit धर्म (dhárma), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dʰármas, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰer- (to hold, to support).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

धर्म (dharmam

  1. religion

Declension[edit]

Declension of धर्म (masc cons-stem)
direct
singular
धर्म
dharm
direct
plural
धर्म
dharm
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
nominative
प्रथमा
धर्म
dharm
धर्म
dharm
oblique
सामान्यरूप
धर्मा
dharmā
धर्मां-
dharmān-
acc. / dative
द्वितीया / चतुर्थी
धर्माला
dharmālā
धर्मांना
dharmānnā
ergative धर्माने, धर्मानं
dharmāne, dharmāna
धर्मांनी
dharmānnī
instrumental धर्माशी
dharmāśī
धर्मांशी
dharmānśī
locative
सप्तमी
धर्मात
dharmāt
धर्मांत
dharmāt
vocative
संबोधन
धर्मा
dharmā
धर्मांनो
dharmānno
Oblique Note: The oblique case precedes all postpositions.
There is no space between the stem and the postposition.
Locative Note: -त (-ta) is a postposition.
Genitive declension of धर्म (masc cons-stem)
masculine object
पुल्लिंगी कर्म
feminine object
स्त्रीलिंगी कर्म
neuter object
नपुसकलिंगी कर्म
oblique
सामान्यरूप
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular*
एकवचन
plural
अनेकवचन
singular subject
एकवचनी कर्ता
धर्माचा
dharmāċā
धर्माचे
dharmāċe
धर्माची
dharmācī
धर्माच्या
dharmācā
धर्माचे, धर्माचं
dharmāċe, dharmāċa
धर्माची
dharmācī
धर्माच्या
dharmācā
plural subject
अनेकवचनी कर्ता
धर्मांचा
dharmānċā
धर्मांचे
dharmānċe
धर्मांची
dharmāñcī
धर्मांच्या
dharmāncā
धर्मांचे, धर्मांचं
dharmānċe, dharmānċa
धर्मांची
dharmāñcī
धर्मांच्या
dharmāñcā
* Note: Word-final (e) in neuter words is alternatively written with the anusvara and pronounced as (a).
Oblique Note: For most postpostions, the oblique genitive can be optionally inserted between the stem and the postposition.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Berntsen, Maxine, “धर्म”, in A Basic Marathi-English Dictionary, New Delhi: American Institute of Indian Studies, 1982-1983.

Nepali[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit धर्म (dhárma).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

धर्म (dharma)

  1. religion

Newar[edit]

Newar Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia new

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit धर्म (dhárma).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

धर्म (dharma? (Newa Spelling 𑐢𑐬𑑂𑐩)

  1. religion

Old Gujarati[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit धर्म (dhárma).

Noun[edit]

धर्म (dharmam

  1. duty
  2. dharma

Descendants[edit]

  • Gujarati: ધર્મ (dharma)

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Iranian *dʰármas, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰér-mos, from *dʰer- (to hold, support). Cognate with Latin firmus (stable, strong) (whence also English firm).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

धर्म (dhárma) stemm

  1. morality, virtue, moral code, good deed, good works
  2. that which is established or firm, steadfast decree, statute, ordinance, law
  3. usage, practice, customary observance or prescribed conduct, duty
  4. right, justice (often as a synonym of punishment)
  5. religion, religious merit
  6. Law or Justice personified
  7. the law or doctrine of Buddhism
  8. the ethical precepts of Buddhism
  9. the law of Northern Buddhism
  10. nature, character, peculiar condition or essential quality, property, mark, peculiarity
  11. a particular ceremony
  12. sacrifice
  13. the ninth mansion
  14. Upanishad
  15. associating with the virtuous
  16. religious abstraction, devotion
  17. bow
  18. Soma-drinker
  19. name of the 15th अर्हत् (arhat) of the present अवसर्पिणी (ava-sarpiṇī)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of धर्म (dhárma)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative धर्मः
dhármaḥ
धर्मौ / धर्मा¹
dhármau / dhármā¹
धर्माः / धर्मासः¹
dhármāḥ / dhármāsaḥ¹
Vocative धर्म
dhárma
धर्मौ / धर्मा¹
dhármau / dhármā¹
धर्माः / धर्मासः¹
dhármāḥ / dhármāsaḥ¹
Accusative धर्मम्
dhármam
धर्मौ / धर्मा¹
dhármau / dhármā¹
धर्मान्
dhármān
Instrumental धर्मेण
dhármeṇa
धर्माभ्याम्
dhármābhyām
धर्मैः / धर्मेभिः¹
dhármaiḥ / dhármebhiḥ¹
Dative धर्माय
dhármāya
धर्माभ्याम्
dhármābhyām
धर्मेभ्यः
dhármebhyaḥ
Ablative धर्मात्
dhármāt
धर्माभ्याम्
dhármābhyām
धर्मेभ्यः
dhármebhyaḥ
Genitive धर्मस्य
dhármasya
धर्मयोः
dhármayoḥ
धर्माणाम्
dhármāṇām
Locative धर्मे
dhárme
धर्मयोः
dhármayoḥ
धर्मेषु
dhármeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

(with अग्र (agra))

References[edit]