धर्म

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Hindi[edit]

Hindi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hi

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit धर्म (dhárma), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dʰármas, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰer- (to hold, to support).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

धर्म (dharmam (Urdu spelling دھرم)

  1. religion, faith
    हम किसी धर्म का तिरस्कार नहीं करना चाहते।
    ham kisī dharma kā tiraskār nahī̃ karnā cāhte.
    We do not want to disregard any religion.
    धर्म हमारे समाज की रीढ़ है।
    dharma hamāre samāj kī rīṛh hai.
    Religion is the backbone of our society.
    Synonym: मज़हब (mazhab)
  2. virtue, righteousness; morality
    हमारा नेता एक धर्म-स्तम्भ है।
    hamārā netā ek dharma-stambh hai.
    Our leader is a pillar of righteousness.
  3. duty
    तुम्हारी मृत्यु से पहले, अपना अन्तिम धर्म निभाना पड़ता।
    tumhārī mŕtyu se pahle, apnā antim dharma nibhānā paṛtā.
    Before your death, you must fulfill your duty.
    Synonyms: कर्तव्य (kartavya), फर्ज़ (pharz)

Declension[edit]

Declension of धर्म
Singular Plural
Direct धर्म (dharma) धर्म (dharma)
Oblique धर्म (dharma) धर्मों (dharmõ)
Vocative धर्म (dharma) धर्मो (dharmo)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “धर्म”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons
  • Caturvedi, Mahendra; Bhola Nath Tiwari (1970), “धर्म”, in A practical Hindi-English dictionary, Delhi: National Publishing House

Marathi[edit]

Marathi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia mr

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit धर्म (dhárma).

Noun[edit]

धर्म (dharmam

  1. religion

Nepali[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit धर्म (dhárma).

Noun[edit]

धर्म (dharma)

  1. religion

Newari[edit]

Newari Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia new

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit धर्म (dhárma).

Noun[edit]

धर्म (dharma)

  1. religion

Old Gujarati[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit धर्म (dhárma).

Noun[edit]

धर्म (transliteration neededm

  1. duty
  2. dharma

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-Aryan *dʰármas, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dʰármas, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰér-mos, from *dʰer- (to hold, support). Cognate with Latin firmus (stable, strong).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

धर्म (dhármam

  1. morality, virtue, moral code, good deed, good works
  2. that which is established or firm, steadfast decree, statute, ordinance, law
  3. usage, practice, customary observance or prescribed conduct, duty
  4. right, justice (often as a synonym of punishment)
  5. religion, religious merit
  6. Law or Justice personified
  7. the law or doctrine of Buddhism
  8. the ethical precepts of Buddhism
  9. the law of Northern Buddhism
  10. nature, character, peculiar condition or essential quality, property, mark, peculiarity
  11. a particular ceremony
  12. sacrifice
  13. the ninth mansion
  14. Upanishad
  15. associating with the virtuous
  16. religious abstraction, devotion
  17. bow
  18. Soma-drinker
  19. name of the 15th अर्हत् (arhat) of the present अवसर्पिणी (ava-sarpiṇī)

Declension[edit]

Masculine a-stem declension of धर्म (dhárma)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative धर्मः
dhármaḥ
धर्मौ
dhármau
धर्माः / धर्मासः¹
dhármāḥ / dhármāsaḥ¹
Vocative धर्म
dhárma
धर्मौ
dhármau
धर्माः / धर्मासः¹
dhármāḥ / dhármāsaḥ¹
Accusative धर्मम्
dhármam
धर्मौ
dhármau
धर्मान्
dhármān
Instrumental धर्मेण
dhármeṇa
धर्माभ्याम्
dhármābhyām
धर्मैः / धर्मेभिः¹
dhármaiḥ / dhármebhiḥ¹
Dative धर्माय
dhármāya
धर्माभ्याम्
dhármābhyām
धर्मेभ्यः
dhármebhyaḥ
Ablative धर्मात्
dhármāt
धर्माभ्याम्
dhármābhyām
धर्मेभ्यः
dhármebhyaḥ
Genitive धर्मस्य
dhármasya
धर्मयोः
dhármayoḥ
धर्माणाम्
dhármāṇām
Locative धर्मे
dhárme
धर्मयोः
dhármayoḥ
धर्मेषु
dhármeṣu
Notes
  • ¹Vedic

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]