धर्म

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Hindi[edit]

Hindi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia hi

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Sanskrit धर्म (dhárma), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *dʰármas, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰér-mos (to hold, to support).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

धर्म (dharmam (Urdu spelling دھرم)

  1. religion, faith
    हम किसी धर्म का तिरस्कार नहीं करना चाहते।
    ham kisī dharma kā tiraskār nahī̃ karnā cāhte.
    We do not want to disregard any religion.
    धर्म हमारे समाज की रीढ़ है।
    dharma hamāre samāj kī rīṛh hai.
    Religion is the backbone of our society.
    Synonyms: मज़हब (mazhab)
  2. virtue, righteousness; morality
    हमारा नेता एक धर्म-स्तम्भ है।
    hamārā netā ek dharma-stambh hai.
    Our leader is a pillar of righteousness.
  3. duty
    तुम्हारी मृत्यु से पहले, अपना अन्तिम धर्म निभाना पड़ता।
    tumhārī mŕtyu se pahle, apnā antim dharma nibhānā paṛtā.
    Before your death, you must fulfill your duty.
    Synonyms: कर्तव्य (kartavya), फर्ज़ (pharz)

Declension[edit]

Declension of धर्म
Singular Plural
Direct धर्म (dharma) धर्म (dharma)
Oblique धर्म (dharma) धर्मों (dharmõ)
Vocative धर्म (dharma) धर्मो (dharmo)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Bahri, Hardev (1989), “धर्म”, in Siksarthi Hindi-Angrejhi Sabdakosa [Learners' Hindi-English Dictionary], Delhi: Rajpal & Sons
  • Caturvedi, Mahendra; Bhola Nath Tiwari (1970), “धर्म”, in A practical Hindi-English dictionary, Delhi: National Publishing House

Marathi[edit]

Marathi Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia mr

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit धर्म (dhárma).

Noun[edit]

धर्म (dharmam

  1. religion

Nepali[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit धर्म (dhárma).

Noun[edit]

धर्म (dharma)

  1. religion

Newari[edit]

Newari Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia new

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit धर्म (dhárma).

Noun[edit]

धर्म (dharma)

  1. religion

Old Gujarati[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit धर्म (dhárma).

Noun[edit]

धर्म (transliteration neededm

  1. duty
  2. dharma

Sanskrit[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *dʰer- (to hold, to support).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Vedic) IPA(key): /d̪ʱɐ́ɽ.mɐh/
  • (Classical) IPA(key): /ˈd̪ʱɐɽ.mɐh/, [ˈd̪ʱɐɽ.mɐhᵄ]
  • Noun[edit]

    धर्म (dhármam

    1. morality, virtue, moral code, good deed, good works
    2. that which is established or firm, steadfast decree, statute, ordinance, law
    3. usage, practice, customary observance or prescribed conduct, duty
    4. right, justice (often as a synonym of punishment)
    5. religion, religious merit
    6. Law or Justice personified
    7. the law or doctrine of Buddhism
    8. the ethical precepts of Buddhism
    9. the law of Northern Buddhism
    10. nature, character, peculiar condition or essential quality, property, mark, peculiarity
    11. a particular ceremony
    12. sacrifice
    13. the ninth mansion
    14. Upanishad
    15. associating with the virtuous
    16. religious abstraction, devotion
    17. bow
    18. Soma-drinker
    19. name of the 15th अर्हत् (arhat) of the present अवसर्पिणी (ava-sarpiṇī)

    Declension[edit]

    Masculine a-stem declension of धर्म
    Nom. sg. धर्मः (dharmaḥ)
    Gen. sg. धर्मस्य (dharmasya)
    Singular Dual Plural
    Nominative धर्मः (dharmaḥ) धर्मौ (dharmau) धर्माः (dharmāḥ)
    Vocative धर्म (dharma) धर्मौ (dharmau) धर्माः (dharmāḥ)
    Accusative धर्मम् (dharmam) धर्मौ (dharmau) धर्मान् (dharmān)
    Instrumental धर्मेण (dharmeṇa) धर्माभ्याम् (dharmābhyām) धर्मैः (dharmaiḥ)
    Dative धर्माय (dharmāya) धर्माभ्याम् (dharmābhyām) धर्मेभ्यः (dharmebhyaḥ)
    Ablative धर्मात् (dharmāt) धर्माभ्याम् (dharmābhyām) धर्मेभ्यः (dharmebhyaḥ)
    Genitive धर्मस्य (dharmasya) धर्मयोः (dharmayoḥ) धर्माणाम् (dharmāṇām)
    Locative धर्मे (dharme) धर्मयोः (dharmayoḥ) धर्मेषु (dharmeṣu)

    Related terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]

    • Sir Monier Monier-Williams (1898) A Sanskrit-English dictionary etymologically and philologically arranged with special reference to cognate Indo-European languages, Oxford: Clarendon Press, page 0510