ธรรม

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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Thai[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Alternative forms

Etymology[edit]

From Sanskrit धर्म (dharma, that which upholds or supports). Compare Pali dhamma, from which Thai ธัมมะ and its alternative forms are derived. Cognate with Old Khmer dharma, dhārmma, dharmma; Modern Khmer ធម៌ (thɔə), ធម្ម (thŏəm).

Pronunciation[edit]

Orthographicธรรม
dʰ r r m
Phonemic
{Reduplication}
ทำ
d å
[bound form]
ทำ-มะ-
d å – m a –
RomanizationPaiboontamtam-má-
Royal Institutethamtham-ma-
(standard) IPA(key)/tʰam˧/(R)/tʰam˧.ma˦˥./
Homophonesทำ

Noun[edit]

ธรรม (tam)

  1. moral virtue; moral excellence; morality.
  2. fairness; righteousness; justness; justice.
  3. (Indian religions, as Buddhism, Hinduism, etc) (พระ~) dharma.
  4. (religion) (พระ~) teaching; instruction; doctrine; principle.
  5. (religion) (พระ~) precept; code of conduct.
  6. rule; regulation.
  7. (obsolete, now chiefly figuratively) law; statute.
  8. nature; condition; state.
  9. thing; matter; article; object; substance.
  10. (Buddhism in Thailand) a noble rank of a priest, above the rank of เทพ (têep) and below those given silver cards of rank called หิรัญบัฏ.

Derived terms[edit]

Derived terms