From Middle English faith, fayth, feith, feyth (also fay, fey, fei ("faith"; > English fay (“faith”)), from Old French fay, fey, fei, feit, feid (“faith”), from Latin fidēs (faith, belief, trust; whence also English fidelity), from fīdō (“trust, confide in”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰidʰ-, zero-grade of *bʰeydʰ- ("to command, persuade, trust"; whence also English bide). The Middle English forms ending in -th possibly represent an alteration of the earliest French form feid under influence of other abstract nouns in -th (e.g. truth, ruth, health, etc.); or rather yet, may have been formed instead from the more usual Old French forms fay, fey, fei, etc. with the English suffix added (also due to assimilation to other nouns in -th), thus making the word equivalent to fay + -th.
- The process of forming or understanding abstractions, ideas, or beliefs, without empirical evidence, experience or observation.
I have faith that my prayers will be answered.
I have faith in the healing power of crystals.
- A religious belief system.
The Christian faith.
- An obligation of loyalty or fidelity and the observance of such an obligation.
He acted in good faith to restore broken diplomatic ties after defeating the incumbent.
- A trust or confidence in the intentions or abilities of a person, object, or ideal.
I have faith in the goodness of my fellow man.
- (obsolete) Credibility or truth.
- the faith of the foregoing narrative
For usage examples of this term, see Citations:faith.
- (knowing, without direct observation, based on indirect evidence and experience, that something is true, real, or will happen): belief, confidence, trust, conviction
- (system of religious belief): religion
- (religious belief system): Christianity, Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, Wicca, Eckankar, Raëlism, Zoroastrianism, New Age, Unitarian Universalism, Jainism, Shinto, LaVeyan Satanism, Scientology, Taoism, Yoruba, Druidry, paganism, Juche, Cao Dai, Confucianism, Spiritism, humanism, Rastafarianism, Tenrikyo
- faith in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
- faith in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911