دين

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See also: دین

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Classical Syriac ܕܺܝܢܳܐ (dīnā) meaning “judgement” but also “rule, custom”, from Middle Persian dyn' (dēn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

دِين (dīnm (plural أَدْيَان (ʾadyān))

  1. (uncountable, verbal noun) conformism, conformance, conformity, God-fearingness, godliness, religiosity, devoutness, fealty, obedience
  2. (countable) religion, creed, credo, faith, conviction, belief, tenet, rite
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

دَيِّن (dayyin)

  1. religious, pious, godly, God-fearing, devout
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Causative of the verb دَانَ (dāna, to be a debtor).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

دَيَّنَ (dayyana) II, non-past يُدَيِّنُ‎ (yudayyinu)

  1. to loan, to lend, to advance
Conjugation[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

دِين (dīnm

  1. (verbal noun) borrowing, indebtedness, owing
  2. (verbal noun) debt, debit
Declension[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

دَيْن (daynm (plural دُيُون (duyūn) or أَدْيُن (ʾadyun) or دِينَة (dīna))

  1. verbal noun of دَانَ (dāna) (form I)
  2. debt, debit
  3. liability, pecuniary obligation
  4. obligation
  5. claim, financial claim
Declension[edit]
References[edit]

Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884), “دين”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary, London: W.H. Allen

Etymology 6[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

دِينَ (dīna) (form I)

  1. third-person masculine singular past passive of دَانَ (dāna)

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “دين”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, ISBN 0-87950-003-4