ध्यान

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Hindi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit ध्यान (dhyāna). Doublet of दीन (dīn) (“creed, religion”).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ध्यान (dhyānm (Urdu spelling دھیان)

  1. attention, focus
    • 2014, Kausar Munir, Palat – Tera Hero Idhar Hai , (from the movie w:Main Tera Hero):
      तेरा ध्यान किधर है? यह तेरा हीरो इधर है!
      terā dhyān kidhar hai? yah terā hīro idhar hai!
      Where is your focus? Your hero is right here!
  2. meditation, reflection
  3. consideration, notice, heedfulness, care
    ध्यान रखनाdhyān rakhnāto take care
    ध्यान सेdhyān secarefully
  4. reflection, reverie

Declension[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Marathi[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit ध्यान (dhyāna).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /d̪ʱjan/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

ध्यान (dhyānm

  1. meditation
  2. attention

Sanskrit[edit]

Alternative scripts[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ध्यै (dhyai, to contemplate, meditate, think of); see there for more. Compare Persian دین (din, religion), Parthian 𐫅𐫏𐫗 (dyn, religion), Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬉𐬥𐬁 (daēnā, religion, vision).

Noun[edit]

ध्यान (dhyāna) stemn

  1. meditation, contemplation, thought, reflection, (especially) profound and abstract religious meditation; a dhyana
    dhyānam-√āpad, dhyānam ā-√sthā or dhyānaṃ-√gam — to indulge in religious meditation
  2. mental representation of the personal attributes of a deity
  3. insensibility, dullness

Declension[edit]

Neuter a-stem declension of ध्यान
Nom. sg. ध्यानम् (dhyānam)
Gen. sg. ध्यानस्य (dhyānasya)
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative ध्यानम् (dhyānam) ध्याने (dhyāne) ध्यानानि (dhyānāni)
Vocative ध्यान (dhyāna) ध्याने (dhyāne) ध्यानानि (dhyānāni)
Accusative ध्यानम् (dhyānam) ध्याने (dhyāne) ध्यानानि (dhyānāni)
Instrumental ध्यानेन (dhyānena) ध्यानाभ्याम् (dhyānābhyām) ध्यानैः (dhyānaiḥ)
Dative ध्यानाय (dhyānāya) ध्यानाभ्याम् (dhyānābhyām) ध्यानेभ्यः (dhyānebhyaḥ)
Ablative ध्यानात् (dhyānāt) ध्यानाभ्याम् (dhyānābhyām) ध्यानेभ्यः (dhyānebhyaḥ)
Genitive ध्यानस्य (dhyānasya) ध्यानयोः (dhyānayoḥ) ध्यानानाम् (dhyānānām)
Locative ध्याने (dhyāne) ध्यानयोः (dhyānayoḥ) ध्यानेषु (dhyāneṣu)

Descendants[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

ध्यान (Dhyānam

  1. name of a particular personification
  2. name of the 11th day of the light half in Brahma's month

References[edit]

  • Monier Williams (1899) “ध्यान”, in A Sanskrit–English Dictionary, [], new edition, Oxford: At the Clarendon Press, →OCLC, page 521/1.
  • Mayrhofer, Manfred (1992) Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Altindoarischen [Etymological Dictionary of Old Indo-Aryan]‎[1] (in German), volume 1, Heidelberg: Carl Winter Universitätsverlag, pages 777-778; 798
  • Cheung, Johnny (2007) Etymological Dictionary of the Iranian Verb (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 2), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, pages 48-50