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See also:
U+79AA, 禪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-79AA

[U+79A9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+79AB]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Han character[edit]

(radical 113, +12, 17 strokes, cangjie input 戈火口口十 (IFRRJ), four-corner 36256, composition)

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 846, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24835
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1267, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2408, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+79AA

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
禪-seal.svg 禪-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːlʔ
*taːlʔ, *taːls, *taːn, *daːn
*taːlʔ, *tʰjaːlʔ
*daːl, *daːn, *teːn
*daːl
*teːl
*deːl, *deːls, *daːn
*tjal, *tjals
*taːn, *djan, *djanʔ, *djans
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*daːn, *daːns
*daːn, *deːn
*daːn, *daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan, *taːnʔ
*daːnʔ
*daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan
*daːns
樿 *tjanʔ
*tjanʔ, *tʰjan, *tʰjanʔ
*tjans
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰaːn, *tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*djan
*djan, *djans
*djan
*djanʔ
*djanʔ
*teːnʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djan, *djans): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *taːn, *djan, *djanʔ, *djans).

Etymology 1[edit]

Short for 禪那, which is a phonetic borrowing from Sanskrit ध्यान (dhyāna, dhyana).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: sim4 - from dissimilation of initial and coda. Compare .
Note:
  • siân - literary;
  • sîⁿ - vernacular.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (25)
    Final () (77)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʑiᴇn/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ʑiɛn/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʑjæn/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡ʑian/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʑiɛn/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʑĭɛn/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʑi̯ɛn/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    chán
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 2031
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*djan/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Buddhism) dhyana; deep meditation; contemplation
    2. Buddhist doctrine; Buddhist teachings
    3. relating to Buddhism; Buddhist; thoughtful; philosophical

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (25)
    Final () (77)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /d͡ʑiᴇnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /d͡ʑiɛnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /d͡ʑjænH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /d͡ʑianH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʑiɛnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ʑĭɛnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʑi̯ɛnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shàn
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shàn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ dzyenH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[d]ar-s/
    English hand over to another

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 2036
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*djans/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to worship (nature)
    2. to abdicate
    3. to hand over
    4. to inherit
      alt. forms: (2~4)

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 3[edit]

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. name of an ancient state

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune–Reischauer sŏn, Yale sen)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (thiền, thiện, xèng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.