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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
禪-bigseal.svg 禪-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  + phonetic .

Han character[edit]

(radical 113 +12, 17 strokes, cangjie input 戈火口口十 (IFRRJ), four-corner 36256, composition)

  1. oneness <= 單 singular 示 display
  2. meditation, contemplation (dhyana)
  3. to level ground for an altar
  4. abdicate

Descendants[edit]

  • – note difference in simplified Chinese and Japanese shinjitai .

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 846, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24835
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1267, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2408, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+79AA

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (25)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiᴇn/ /ʑi̯ɛn/ /ʑiɛn/ /d͡ʑiɛn/ /d͡ʑian/ /ʑĭɛn/ /d͡ʑjæn/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (25)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑiᴇnH/ /ʑi̯ɛnH/ /ʑiɛnH/ /d͡ʑiɛnH/ /d͡ʑianH/ /ʑĭɛnH/ /d͡ʑjænH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shàn ‹ dzyenH › /*[d]ar-s/ hand over to another

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2031 1 /*djan/
2036 1 /*djans/

Definitions[edit]

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Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune-Reischauer sŏn, Yale sen)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thiền, thiện, xèng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.