Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+79AA, 禪
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-79AA

[U+79A9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+79AB]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Simplified

Traditional

Japanese

Korean

Han character[edit]

(radical 113 +12, 17 strokes, cangjie input 戈火口口十 (IFRRJ), four-corner 36256, composition)

Descendants[edit]

  • – note difference in simplified Chinese and Japanese shinjitai .

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 846, character 36
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24835
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1267, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2408, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+79AA

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Large seal script Small seal script
禪-bigseal.svg 禪-seal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*taːlʔ
*taːlʔ, *taːls, *taːn, *daːn
*taːlʔ, *tʰjaːlʔ
*daːl, *daːn, *teːn
*daːl
*teːl
*deːl, *deːls, *daːn
*tjal, *tjals
*taːn, *djan, *djanʔ, *djans
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*taːn
*tʰaːn
*daːn, *daːns
*daːn, *deːn
*daːn, *daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan, *taːnʔ
*daːnʔ
*daːnʔ, *daːns, *djan
*daːns
樿 *tjanʔ
*tjanʔ, *tʰjan, *tʰjanʔ
*tjans
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*tʰjanʔ
*djan
*djan, *djans
*djan
*djanʔ
*djanʔ
*teːnʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *djan, *djans): semantic  + phonetic (OC *taːn, *djan, *djanʔ, *djans).

Etymology 1[edit]

Short for 禪那, which is a phonetic borrowing from Sanskrit ध्यान(dhyāna, dhyana).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: sim4 - from dissimilation of initial and coda. Compare .

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (25)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇn/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛn/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjæn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑian/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛn/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chán
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 2031
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djan/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (Buddhism) dhyana; deep meditation; contemplation
  2. Buddhist doctrine; Buddhist teachings
  3. relating to Buddhism; Buddhist; thoughtful; philosophical

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (25)
Final () (77)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑiᴇnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑiɛnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑjænH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑianH/
Li
Rong
/ʑiɛnH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭɛnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯ɛnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzyenH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ar-s/
English hand over to another

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 2036
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*djans/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to worship (nature)
  2. to abdicate
  3. to hand over
  4. to inherit

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

shinjitai

kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune-Reischauer sŏn, Yale sen)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thiền, thiện, xèng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.