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See also: and
U+7985, 禅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7985

[U+7984]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7986]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Glyph origin[edit]

Simplified from .

  • Simplified from ( and ) (2 strokes on top of phonetic) in simplified Chinese.
  • Simplified from ( and ) (3 strokes on top of phonetic) in Japanese shinjitai.

Han character[edit]

(radical 113, +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 戈火金田十 (IFCWJ), composition(J) or ⿰(G))

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 844, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24787
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1265, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2402, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+7985

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“dhyana; deep meditation; contemplation; Buddhist doctrine; Buddhist teachings; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified and variant form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. Chinese emperor sacrifice ceremony
  2. Chinese emperor abdicating the throne
  3. meditative concentration
  4. dhyana, Zen Buddhism

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
ぜん
Grade: S
on’yomi

Shortened from 禅那 (zenna, Zen meditation practice), from Middle Chinese 禪那 (MC d͡ʑiᴇn nɑ), a transliteration of Sanskrit ध्यान (dhyāna, profound meditation).[1][2][3][4][5] Compare Pali झान (jhāna).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana ぜん, rōmaji zen)

  1. (Buddhism) dhyana-samadhi: This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    Synonyms: 禅定 (zenjō), 禅那 (zenna)
  2. (Buddhism) the disciplines and doctrine of Zen Buddhism
  3. Short for 座禅 (zazen): a siting position in a Zen meditation

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana ぜん, rōmaji Zen)

  1. (Buddhism) Short for 禅宗 (Zenshū): Zen Buddhism
  2. a surname

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1984, 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, “Encyclopedia Nipponica”) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, relevant text online here.
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1998, 世界大百科事典 第2版 (Sekai Dai-hyakka Jiten Dainiban, “Heibonsha World Encyclopedia Second Edition”) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Heibonsha, relevant text online here.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 2014, ブリタニカ国際大百科事典 小項目事典 (Buritanika Kokusai Dai Hyakka Jiten: Shō Kōmoku Jiten, “Encyclopædia Britannica International: Micropædia”) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Britannica Japan Co., Ltd., relevant text online here.

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune–Reischauer sŏn, Yale sen)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.