discipline

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: discipliné

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English [Term?], from Anglo-Norman, from Old French descipline, from Latin disciplina (instruction), from discipulus (pupil), from discere (to learn), from Proto-Indo-European *dek- ((cause to) accept).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈdɪ.sə.plɪn/

Noun[edit]

discipline (countable and uncountable, plural disciplines)

  1. A controlled behaviour; self-control.
    • a. 1729, John Rogers, The Difficulties of Obtaining Salvation
      The most perfect, who have their passions in the best discipline, are yet obliged to be constantly on their guard.
    1. An enforced compliance or control.
      • 1956, Michael Arlen, “1/1/2”, in “Piracy”: A Romantic Chronicle of These Days[1]:
        The masters looked unusually stern, but it was the sternness of thought rather than of discipline.
    2. A systematic method of obtaining obedience.
      • 1871, Charles John Smith, Synonyms Discriminated
        Discipline aims at the removal of bad habits and the substitution of good ones, especially those of order, regularity, and obedience.
      • 1973, Bible (New International Version), Hebrews 12:7:
        Endure hardship as discipline; God is treating you as his children. For what children are not disciplined by their father?
    3. A state of order based on submission to authority.
      • 1697, “The Second Book of the Georgics”, in John Dryden, transl., The Works of Virgil: Containing His Pastorals, Georgics, and Æneis. [], London: [] Jacob Tonson, [], OCLC 403869432:
        Their wildness lose, and, quitting nature's part, / Obey the rules and discipline of art.
    4. A set of rules regulating behaviour.
    5. A punishment to train or maintain control.
      1. (Catholicism) A whip used for self-flagellation.
      2. A flagellation as a means of obtaining sexual gratification.
  2. A specific branch of knowledge or learning.
    • 2013 August 3, “Boundary problems”, in The Economist, volume 408, number 8847:
      Economics is a messy discipline: too fluid to be a science, too rigorous to be an art.
    • 1648, John Wilkins, Mathematical Magick:
      This mathematical discipline, by the help of geometrical principles, doth teach to contrive several weights and powers unto motion or rest.
    1. A category in which a certain art, sport or other activity belongs.

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

discipline (third-person singular simple present disciplines, present participle disciplining, simple past and past participle disciplined)

  1. (transitive) To train someone by instruction and practice.
  2. (transitive) To teach someone to obey authority.
  3. (transitive) To punish someone in order to (re)gain control.
  4. (transitive) To impose order on someone.

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch discipline, from Old French discipline, from Latin disciplīna.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˌdi.siˈpli.nə/, /ˌdɪ.siˈpli.nə/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: dis‧ci‧pli‧ne
  • Rhymes: -inə

Noun[edit]

discipline f (plural disciplines, diminutive disciplinetje n)

  1. discipline, self-control
    Synonyms: zelfbeheersing, zelfcontrole
  2. discipline, regime of forcing compliance
  3. discipline, sanction
    Synonym: tucht
  4. discipline, branch
    Synonym: tak

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Afrikaans: dissipline
  • Indonesian: disiplin

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Latin disciplīna.

Noun[edit]

discipline f (plural disciplines)

  1. discipline, sanction
  2. discipline, self-control
  3. discipline, branch
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

discipline

  1. first-person singular present indicative of discipliner
  2. third-person singular present indicative of discipliner
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of discipliner
  4. third-person singular present subjunctive of discipliner
  5. second-person singular imperative of discipliner

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

discipline f pl

  1. plural of disciplina

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

discipline

  1. first-person singular (eu) present subjunctive of disciplinar
  2. third-person singular (ele and ela, also used with você and others) present subjunctive of disciplinar
  3. third-person singular (você) affirmative imperative of disciplinar
  4. third-person singular (você) negative imperative of disciplinar

Spanish[edit]

Verb[edit]

discipline

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of disciplinar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of disciplinar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of disciplinar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of disciplinar.