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From dis- + Proto-Italic *kapelos (one who takes) corresponding to *dwiskapelos, from *kapiō (take) (whence capiō).[1] Sense influenced by the unrelated verb discō (learn).


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /disˈki.pu.lus/, [d̪ɪs̠ˈkɪpʊɫ̪ʊs̠]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /diʃˈʃi.pu.lus/, [d̪iʃˈʃiːpulus]
  • (file)


discipulus m (genitive discipulī); second declension

  1. student, pupil, disciple, schoolboy
  2. (military) cadet (student in a military school or state program)


Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative discipulus discipulī
Genitive discipulī discipulōrum
Dative discipulō discipulīs
Accusative discipulum discipulōs
Ablative discipulō discipulīs
Vocative discipule discipulī

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  • discipulus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • discipulus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • discipulus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • discipulus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “discipulus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 172