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Etymology 1[edit]

From Urdu نظام, and its source, Persian نظام, short for نظام الملك (ruler of the realm).



nizam (plural nizams)

  1. (now historical) The hereditary sovereign of Hyderabad, a former state of India. [from 18th c.]
    • 2015, Eugene Rogan, The Fall of the Ottomans, Penguin 2016, p. 71:
      The nawabs of Bhopal, Ranput, Murshidabad, and Dhaka, along with the nizam of Hyderabad, all affirmed that the sultan has misled Muslims with his “erroneous” call to jihad and insisted that Indian Muslims had a duty to support Great Britain.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish نظام, from Arabic نظام (order, arrangement).


nizam (plural nizams)

  1. (obsolete) The Turkish regular army; a soldier in the Turkish army. [19th c.]