English [ edit ]
Etymology [ edit ]
Middle English , whippen wippen ( “ to flap violently ” ), from Middle Dutch wippen ( “ to swing, leap, dance, oscillate ” ) and Middle Low German wippen ( “ to move quickly ” ), from Proto-Germanic *wipjaną ( “ to move back and forth ” ). Some similarity to Sanskrit root वेप् ( vep, “ shake, flourish ” ), Latin vibrō ( “ I shake ” ). (See Swedish and Danish vippa vippe ( “ to shake ” )).
Pronunciation [ edit ]
whip ( plural )
lash; a pliant, flexible instrument, such as a rod (commonly of cane or rattan) or a plaited or braided rope or thong (commonly of leather) used to create a sharp "crack" sound for directing or herding animals.
I had to use the whip to get the sheep's attention. The same instrument used to strike a person or animal for corporal punishment or torture.
Once he ran out of appeals, he knew he would soon feel the sting of the whip. A
blow administered with a whip.
1832, The Atheneum (volume 31, page 493)
I had hardly said the word, when Kit jumped into the saddle, and gave his horse a whip and a spur — and off it cantered, as if it were in as great a hurry to be married as Kit himself.
( hunting ) A whipper-in.
1928, Siegfried Sassoon, Memoirs of a Fox-Hunting Man, Penguin 2013, p. 27:
From the far side of the wood came the long shrill screech [… ] which signifies that one of the whips has viewed the fox quitting the covert.
( politics ) A member of a political party who is in charge of enforcing the party's policies in votes.
I was going to vote against the bill, but the party whip came to see me and made it clear I needed to vote for it.
( UK politics , with definite article ) A document distributed weekly to MPs by party whips informing them of upcoming votes in parliament. Whipped cream.
Did you want to add some whip to your coffee, ma'am?
( nautical ) A purchase in which one block is used to gain a 2:1 mechanical advantage.
( African-American Vernacular ) A mode of personal motorized transportation; an automobile, all makes and models including motorcycles, excluding public transportation.
2017, Stormzy, Return of the Rucksack
Big whip I'm underground parking Come on, let's take my whip so we can get there in time.
( roller derby ) A move in which one player transfers momentum to another. A whipping motion; a thrashing about.
I was startled by the whip of the rope when it finally snapped. The quality of being whiplike or flexible; suppleness, as of the shaft of a golf club.
Any of various pieces that operate with a quick vibratory motion
A spring in certain electrical devices for making a circuit
( music ) A wippen, a rocking component in certain piano actions. ( historical ) A coach driver; a coachman.
Synonyms [ edit ]
( last for directing animals ) : crop ( especially for horses ), dressage whip ( especially for horses ), driving whip ( especially for horses ), jumping bat ( especially for horses ), flail, knout, lash, quirt, scourge, sjambok ( South African ), thong
( lash for corporal punishment ) : cat ( nautical ), flail, knout, lash, quirt, scourge, sjambok ( South African ), thong ( political party enforcer ) : party whip
Hyponyms [ edit ]
Derived terms [ edit ]
Related terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
rod or rope
, roer sweep (af) Albanian:
kamxhik (sq) m Arabic:
سَوْط m ( sawṭ )
كرباج m ( kurbāg ) Moroccan Arabic: مشحاطة f ( mšḥāṭa ) Armenian:
մտրակ (hy) ( mtrak ) Asturian:
llátigu m Azerbaijani:
çubuq , (az) qamçı (az) Bashkir:
сыбыртҡы ( sïbïrtqï ), ҡамсы ( qamsï ) Belarusian:
пу́га (be) f ( púha ), бізу́н m ( bizún ), плётка f ( pljótka ), біч m ( bič ), нага́йка f ( nahájka ), дубе́ц m ( dubjéc ), хлыст m ( xlyst ) Bengali:
বেত ( bet ) Bulgarian:
бич (bg) m ( bič ), камши́к (bg) m ( kamšík ), нага́йка (bg) f ( nagájka ) Catalan:
fuet (ca) , m flagell (ca) m Cebuano:
шадд ( šadd ) Chickasaw:
Mandarin: 鞭子 (zh) ( biānzi ) Cornish:
hwypp m Czech:
bič (cs) m Danish:
pisk (da) c Dutch:
zweep (nl) Esperanto:
vipo (eo) Estonian:
piiska , (fi) ruoska (fi) French:
fouet (fr) m Galician:
látego (gl) , m tralla , f zurriago , m zorrega , f azorrague , m vergallo , m verdasco , m rebenque (gl) , m azoute m Georgian:
შოლტი ( šolṭi ) German:
Peitsche (de) f Greek:
μαστίγιο (el) m ( mastígio )
Ancient: μάστιξ f ( mástix ) Hebrew:
שׁוֹט (he) m ( shot ) Hindi:
चाबुक (hi) m ( cābuk ) Hungarian:
, felhúzókötél ostor , (hu) korbács (hu) Ilocano:
cambuk (id) Inuktitut:
ᐃᐱᕋᐅᑕᖅ ( ipirautaq ) Irish:
frusta (it) , f nerbo (it) , m sferza (it) f Japanese:
鞭 (ja) ( むち, muchi ) Kalmyk:
шилвр ( şilvr ) Kazakh:
қамшы ( qamşı ) Khmer:
រំពាត់ (km) ( rumpŏət ), ត្មោង (km) ( tmaong ) Korean:
채찍 ( chaejjik ) Kyrgyz:
камчы (ky) ( kamçı ) Lao:
ແສ້ ( sǣ ) Latin:
flagrum , m lōrum , m verber , n scutica f Latvian:
pātaga f Lithuanian:
botagas m Low German:
German Low German: Pietsch , f Sweep , f Swääp f
Baatsch f Macedonian:
бич m ( bič ), камшик m ( kamšik ) Malay:
, cambok cemeti Malayalam:
ചാട്ട ( cāṭṭa ) Maori:
ташуур (mn) ( tashuur ) Navajo:
bee atsxis Nepali:
कोर्रा (ne) ( korrā ) Norman:
fouet m ( Jersey ) Norwegian:
foet (oc) m Old Church Slavonic:
бичь m ( bičĭ ) Oriya:
please add this translation if you can Papiamentu:
شلاق (fa) ( šallâq ), تازیانه (fa) ( tâziyâne ), چابک (fa) ( čâbok ) Plautdietsch:
Pitsch f Polish:
bat (pl) , m bicz (pl) m Portuguese:
chicote (pt) , m açoite (pt) m Romanian:
bici (ro) Russian:
кнут (ru) m ( knut ), хлыст (ru) m ( xlyst ), бич (ru) m ( bič ), нага́йка (ru) f ( nagájka ), плеть (ru) f ( pletʹ ), плётка (ru) f ( pljótka ) Scottish Gaelic:
cuip f Serbo-Croatian:
бич , m канџија , f корбач m Roman: bič (sh) , m kandžija (sh) , f korbač (sh) m Slovak:
bič , m korbáč m ( wicker whip ) Slovene:
bič (sl) m Spanish:
fusta (es) , f látigo (es) , m flagelo (es) m Sranan Tongo:
kambaa , 5 or 6 mjeledi (sw) Swedish:
piska (sv) c Tagalog:
, latiko latigo Tajik:
химча ( ximča ), қамчин ( qamčin ), тозиёна ( toziyona ) Telugu:
కొరడా (te) ( koraḍā ) Thai:
แส้ ( sɛ̂ɛ ) Tibetan:
རྟ་ལྕག ( rta lcag ) Tocharian B:
kamçı , (tr) kırbaç (tr) Turkmen:
баті́г (uk) m ( batíh ), бич (uk) m ( byč ), нага́йка f ( nahájka ), хлист m ( xlyst ) Urdu:
چابک m ( cābuk ) Uyghur:
قامچا ( qamcha ) Uzbek:
qamchi (uz) Vietnamese:
roi (vi) Volapük:
please add this translation if you can Walloon:
scoreye (wa) , f corijhe , f scordjire (wa) Welsh:
chwip West Frisian:
snädht m Yiddish:
בײַטש f ( baytsh ) Yucatec Maya:
kulutaq ǃXóõ: ǁn̥a̰m
whip ( third-person singular simple present , whips present participle , whipping simple past and past participle )
( transitive ) To hit with a whip.
The rider whipped the horse.
( transitive , by extension ) To hit with any flexible object.
I whipped her with a newspaper.
( transitive , slang ) To defeat, as in a contest or game.
2008, Edward Keating, The Joy of Ex: A Novel: She whips me in the first game of pool, I do not even get a shot. Eight-balled from the break.
( transitive ) To mix in a rapid aerating fashion, especially food.
to whip eggs or cream
( transitive ) To urge into action or obedience.
He whipped the department into shape.
( transitive , politics ) To enforce a member voting in accordance with party policy.
( transitive , nautical ) To bind the end of a rope with twine or other small stuff to prevent its unlaying: fraying or unravelling.
1677-1683, Joseph Moxon, Mechanick exercises
Its string [… ] is firmly whipt about with small Gut
( transitive , nautical ) To hoist or purchase by means of a whip. To
sew lightly; specifically, to form (a fabric) into gathers by loosely overcasting the rolled edge and drawing up the thread.
to whip a ruffle
( transitive ) To throw or kick an object at a high velocity.
He whipped the ball at me. 2010 December 29, Chris Whyatt, “Chelsea 1 - 0 Bolton”, in BBC :  Composed play then saw Sam Ricketts nutmeg Ashley Cole before Taylor whipped a fine curling effort over Petr Cech's bar.
( transitive, intransitive ) To fish a body of water especially by making repeated casts.
( intransitive ) To snap back and forth like a whip.
The pennants whipped in the wind.
( intransitive ) To move very fast.
The wind whipped through the valley.
1692, Roger L’Estrange, “ (please specify the fable number.) (please specify the name of the fable.)”, in , London: Fables, of Æsop and Other Eminent Mythologists: [ … ] [ … ] R[ichard] Sare, [ … ] , : OCLC 228727523 Two Friends, Travelling, met a Bear upon the way; the one Whips up a Tree, and the Other Throws himself Flat upon the Ground. 1886, Robert Louis Stevenson, Strange Case Of Dr Jekyll And Mr Hyde
He looked up when I came in, gave a kind of cry, and whipped upstairs into the cabinet. It was but for one minute that I saw him, but the hair stood upon my head like quills.
( transitive ) To move (something) very fast; often with up, out, etc.
1742, Horace Walpole, letter to Sir Horace Mann
He whips out his pocketbook every moment, and writes descriptions of everything he sees.
( transitive , roller derby ) To transfer momentum from one skater to another.
( figuratively ) To lash with sarcasm, abuse, etc.
c. 1597, William Shakespeare, “ The Merry VViues of VVindsor”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies ( First Folio), London: [ … ] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, , [Act IV, scene v]: OCLC 606515358 They would whip me with their fine wits. To thrash; to beat out, as grain, by striking.
to whip wheat
Synonyms [ edit ]
The terms below need to be checked and allocated to the definitions (senses) of the headword above. Each term should appear in the sense for which it is appropriate. For synonyms and antonyms you may use the templates
Derived terms [ edit ]
Translations [ edit ]
to hit with a whip
جَلَدَ بِسَوْط ( jalada bisawṭ ), سَاطَ ( sāṭa ) Armenian:
please add this translation if you can Asturian:
сцяба́ць impf ( scjabácʹ ), сячы́ impf ( sjačý ), хваста́ць impf ( xvastácʹ ), паро́ць impf ( parócʹ ) Catalan:
assotar , (ca) fuetejar (ca) Chickasaw:
Mandarin: 鞭打 (zh) ( biāndǎ ) Cornish:
bičovat (cs) impf Danish:
piske (da) Dutch:
geselen (nl) Esperanto:
ruoskia , (fi) piiskata (fi) French:
fouetter , (fr) flageller (fr) Georgian:
please add this translation if you can German:
peitschen , (de) auspeitschen , (de) anpeitschen Greek:
μαστιγώνω (el) ( mastigóno )
Ancient: μαστίζω ( mastízō ), μαστιγόω ( mastigóō ) Hungarian:
ostoroz (hu) Ido:
knutagar , (io) flogar (io) Indonesian:
mencambuk (id) Irish: failp
sferzare , (it) flagellare , (it) frustare , (it) , scudisciare staffilare (it) Japanese:
鞭打つ ( むちうつ, muchiutsu ) Kalmyk:
шилврдх ( şilvrdx ) Korean:
채찍질하다 ( chaejjikjil-hada ) Luxembourgish:
, wepu whiu Mongolian:
please add this translation if you can Norman:
fouetter ( Jersey ) Polish:
chłostać (pl) impf Portuguese:
chicotear , (pt) açoitar (pt) Romanian:
biciui (ro) Russian:
поро́ть (ru) ( porótʹ ), стега́ть (ru) ( stegátʹ ), сечь (ru) ( sečʹ ), хлеста́ть (ru) ( xlestátʹ ), бичева́ть (ru) ( bičevátʹ ) Shan:
ၽတ်ႉ (shn) ( phâ̰t ) Slovak:
bičovať impf Spanish:
azotar , (es) fustigar , (es) hostigar (es) Swedish:
piska (sv) Thai:
หวด (th) ( hùuat ), ฟาด (th) ( fâat ), ตี (th) ( dtii ), เฆี่ยน (th) ( kîian ), โบย (th) ( booi ) Turkish:
kırbaçlamak , (tr) kamçılamak (tr) Ukrainian:
шмага́ти impf ( šmaháty ), поро́ти (uk) impf ( poróty ), сікти́ impf ( siktý ), лупцюва́ти impf ( lupcjuváty ), бато́жити (uk) impf ( batóžyty ), ви́шмагати pf ( výšmahaty ), відшмага́ти pf ( vidšmaháty ) Volapük:
please add this translation if you can Welsh: chwipio (cy)
by extension, to hit with any flexible object
to mix food in a rapid aerating fashion
nautical: to bind the end of a rope with twine
to throw at high velocity
to fish by making repeated casts
to snap back and forth like a whip
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.
Translations to be checked
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
Samuel Johnson, John Walker, Robert S. Jameson: 1828. A dictionary of the English language 2nd edition. Publisher: William Pickering, 1828. 831 pages. Page 818. Google Public Domain Books : 
Further reading [ edit ]
whip in The Century Dictionary, New York, N.Y.: The Century Co., 1911. whip at OneLook Dictionary Search