- specifically an East and Central Javanese bullock whip, bullwhip or buffalo whip. In British English known as a "snake whip".
- a generic term for any whip, namely:
Old Dutch spelling: "tjamboek" hence known in English as the erroneous transliterations 'sjambok, sjamboek and jambok
- Edward Henry Knight. 1884. Knight's new mechanical dictionary: A description of tools, instruments, machines, processes, and engineering (1876-1880.). Houghton, Mifflin and company, 1884. 960 pages
- Sutanto Atmosumarto: 2004. A learner's comprehensive dictionary of Indonesian. Atma Stanton, 2004. ISBN: 0954682807. ISBN: 9780954682804. 652 pages. Page: 81